Thanks for your thoughts and questions:
1. The fragility in the Middle East and North Africa is of a different nature than of countries mired in long-lasting conflict such as Afghanistan, DRC, Somalia, and Haiti where child mortality, illiteracy and life expectancy are at much lower levels than in the countries you refer to. However, you are right in the sense that a prolonged economic downturn in MENA.
2. The demographic dividend is only an opportunity, not a guarantee. Indeed it can also be squandered. However, it is important to note that the source of the demographic dividend is the sharp decline in death rates, especially for children. This is a treasure to maintain, irrespective of the economic trends.