Comment on the effect of Female secondary school stipend program (FSSSP):
I think female education has been a major element behind the overwhelming achievement of Bangladesh in health and other social indicators. The Female Secondary School Stipend Program (FSSSP) in Bangladesh, indeed, has had a significant impact on girls’ schooling. In a study, using a nationwide representative household survey dataset, we find that FSSSP increased the schooling of targeted girls in rural areas by more than two and half years. We also find that the program had a long-term indirect impact, through an increase in the schooling of the younger siblings of the targeted cohort, by about 10%. The working paper is available at:
In a related study, Khandker, Pitt and Fuwa (2003), using administrative data on nationwide school enrolments, find that, at the outset of the program in 1994, the tenth grade included only 36% of female students who had been enrolled in the sixth grade. By 1998, this proportion had increased to 59.2%. Our results support the findings of Khandker et al. Our identification strategy controls for other macro factors such as expansion of the garment industry, which occurred at the same time as the FSSSP was implemented.