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March 2006

Fridays Academy (3): Steps in Measuring Poverty

Ignacio Hernandez's picture

As every Friday, we are posting one of the lecture notes on Economic Policies for Growth and Poverty Reduction, from Raj Nallari.


Steps in Measuring Poverty

There are three main steps to be taken into consideration when measuring poverty. 

  1. Define an indicator of welfare

  2. Establish a minimum acceptable standard of that indicator to separate the poor and the non-poor (often known as the poverty line) and

Fridays Academy (2): What is poverty and how do we measure it?

Ignacio Hernandez's picture

This is the second posting in the Fridays Academy series. This series is based on the lecture notes on Economic Policies for Growth and Poverty Reduction, by Raj Nallari. We will post a note every Friday.


What is Poverty and how do we measure it?

  • To design effective policies and strategies aimed at reducing poverty, it is critical to understand the characteristics of poverty in a country or in a geographic area. Adequate Poverty measurement techniques are essential.  

Economics of Happiness

Raj Nallari's picture

What is the appropriate goal of economic policy? From 1950s to now, this measurement of economic performance has been steadily changing from monetary to non-monetary aspects -- increasing per capita incomes, to broad-based GDP growth, to human development, to sustainable environment, gender equity, development as freedom and empowerment, poverty reduction, equity in opportunities, and more recently, to happiness.


Raj Nallari's picture

Internet technology began as a Cold War communications network developed by  America’s Department of Defense (DOD).  Between 1968 and 1998, the DOD controlled the operation of internet protocols and was coordinated by a tech-god (late Jon Postel).  Since 1998, a group called the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) operating under the oversight of the American Government manages the dot-com addresses, names and routing numbers. 

Global Imbalances and Adjustment Scenarios

Yan Wang's picture

How will global external imbalances adjust? Economists have vastly diverse views. The IMF presented two adjustment scenarios using its Global Economic Model, a benign baseline and a more abrupt adjustment. Depending on views regarding the probabilities of various adjustment scenarios, proposed policy responses differ. This note provides a survey of recent literature and summarizes diverse views on various assessment of the probability of a hard landing, and the proposed policy responses.

Fridays Academy (1): Economic Policies for Growth and Poverty Reduction

Ignacio Hernandez's picture

The following is the introduction to Raj Nallari’s lecture notes on Growth and Poverty Reduction. These materials are part of courses delivered during the last two years to analysts and policy makers around the world. We will be posting these notes every week, in our Fridays Academy series.


The Sources of Global External Imbalances

Yan Wang's picture

Although the world economy has been growing at a decent rate in the last three years, the global current account imbalances have reached unprecedented levels.  On one hand, the US current account deficit rose from $665 billion in 2004, to $820 billion or 6 percent of GDP in 2005, and is expected to reach $900 billion in 2006.

The "Dutch Disease": Theory and Evidence

Ignacio Hernandez's picture

The term “Dutch Disease” originated in the Netherlands during the 1960s, when the high revenue generated by its natural gas discovery led to a sharp decline in the competitiveness of its other, non-booming tradable sector. Despite the revenue windfall the new discovery brought, the Netherlands experienced a drastic decline in economic growth.

Equity and Development: Need to increase equality of opportunity to all citizens

Raj Nallari's picture

Equity is defined as equality of opportunity or equality in access to goods and services. Inequities between boys and girls in educational access, between males and females in access to credit and job opportunities, inequities between the poor and the rich in access to land, education, essential health, water and other services, all have a bearing on poverty reduction. In other words, a person's life prospects should not be influenced by circumstances of birth, gender, race, family wealth and class or creed.

Policy Implications of a nonlinear relationship between aid, debt and GDP growth

Raj Nallari's picture

Aid and Growth Nexus.  Dollar and Burnside (2000) argue that aid positively influences long term growth in countries with good policy environment.  This is intuitively correct because we all accept that humanitarian assistance by averting crises and human suffering is generally considered.  In addition, no one can deny that building schools, hospitals, roads and power plants and paying teachers, doctors, nurses and engineers under aid projects complements private investment and contributes to overall human development, growth and development.  But, there