The ESRC Global Poverty Research Group (GPRG) is a multi-disciplinary collaboration between social scientists at the Institute for Development Policy and Management (IDPM) at the University of Manchester and economists at the Centre for the Study of African Economies at the University of Oxford. Manchester University has now consolidated its position as a leading institution for the interdisciplinary study of poverty through the establishment of the Brooks World Poverty Institute (BWPI).
It can be done, according to the report Economic Growth in South Asia, recently published by the World Bank. If growth accelerates to 10%, poverty could go down by two thirds and reach single-digit rates by 2015.
Using the Russian case as an example, this OECD paper by Rudiger Ahrend looks at concepts such as the "Dutch Disease" or rich natural resource endowments "curses", and argues that the right economic policies can overcome or mitigate institutional pathologies traditionally associated with abundance of natural resources.
Read the full paper.
Can sustainable management of ecosystems help reduce poverty and hunger in African countries?
That was Harvard President Lawrence Summers’ recommendation at a recent conference at the Center for Global Development (CGD) in Washington.
- Macroeconomic Management
Mozambique’s poverty reduction programs aim at reducing absolute poverty by 30 percent by 2010, which can only be achieved with a GDP growth of 8 percent per year or more over the next ten years.
From Raj Nallari and Breda Griffith's lecture notes.
Today's posting discusses the role of government in the economy and the rationale for government, before turning to a consideration of fiscal policy and its impact on economic growth and on the poor during the next few weeks.
The World Bank Institute Development Studies has just published the book "Diaspora Networks and the International Migration of Skills: How Countries Can Draw on Their Talent Abroad".
This paper is the first in a series on Gender and Macroeconomics compiled by Raj Nallari. We will be posting them in upcoming weeks.
In this introduction, Raj makes nine main points, when discussing how to engender Macroeconomic Policies:
From Raj Nallari and Breda Griffith's lecture notes. This week we finish the analysis of the relationship between economic growth and poverty.
Economic Growth and Inequality
The World Bank launched recently the Africa Catalytic Growth Fund (ACGF). Its goals:
To provide rapid, targeted support to countries with credible programs to accelerate growth, poverty reduction, and attainment of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs).
The fund is designed to complement efforts by African leaders and Africa’s international partners to respond to the diversity of experience across the continent, using an innovative approach.
The essential logic is that devolution of political and administrative power as well as fiscal resources to lower levels of governments (state or provincial governments, municipalities and village administrations) would lead to improved economic efficiency in provision of public services to local residents and this in turn contributes positively to economic growth at the local and national levels (so-called Oates’ Decentralization Theory). For example, if a certain city does not provide essential services then residents are likely to move to other cities (i.e.
The World Bank has recently published the report Sustaining Gains in Poverty Reduction and Human Development in the Middle East and North Africa. The report states that there has been little progress in poverty reduction in the MENA region since the mid 1980s. The slow growth can be at the origin of this lack of progress in poverty reduction.
In an interview, Farrukh Iqbal, Lead Economist and author of the report, talks about the relationship between growth and poverty in the region:
As every Friday, from Raj Nallari and Breda Griffith's lecture notes.
Variations in Poverty Responses