Ensuring that each individual at birth has a unique identification, and that such civil registration is then linked with better and easier access to critical public services such as education, health, social welfare, and financial services is now a growing priority in many countries. Modern electronic systems for Civil Registrations and Vital Statistics (CRVS) can help make this process more efficient and effective. Yet, most low-income countries still only use paper records for the registration of births, deaths, marriages, or divorces. Retrieving birth registration records, issuing a duplicate copy of a birth certificate or sharing civil registration data with other relevant agencies can be ineffective and time consuming with paper-based systems.
For several years, Ebola has been ravaging our continent, especially communities in Central and West Africa. It is exacting a severe human toll and causing significant economic losses in places already burdened by extreme poverty. My homeland, the Democratic Republic of Congo, is now battling its tenth Ebola outbreak since 1976.
Recently, Ethiopia’s parliament unanimously approved one of Africa’s strongest anti-tobacco laws. Ethiopia’s new tobacco control law is comprehensive as it requires 100 percent smoke-free public and work places, bans tobacco advertising and promotions, restricts the sale of flavored tobacco products and mandates pictorial warning labels covering 70 percent of the front and back of all tobacco products. The law also bans the sale of heated tobacco products, e-cigarettes and shisha, and prohibits tobacco sales to anyone under the age of 21.
Recently, I was intrigued when I read a Gates Foundation tweet that asked, “How do you get access to urgent medical supplies like blood if you live in a remote community?”. The reply provided may seem at first glance far-fetched to some people: “Drones"
Illicit trade in tobacco products undermines global tobacco prevention and control interventions, particularly with respect to tobacco tax policy. From a public health perspective, illicit trade weakens the effect of tobacco excise taxes on tobacco consumption - and consequently on preventable morbidity and mortality - by increasing the affordability, attractiveness, and/or availability of tobacco products. Furthermore, tobacco illicit trade often depends on and can contribute to weakened governance.
- Antigua and Barbuda
- Virgin Islands, British
- St. Kitts and Nevis
- St. Lucia
- St. Vincent and the Grenadines
- South Africa
- Trinidad and Tobago
- United Kingdom
- East Asia and Pacific
- Latin America & Caribbean
- South Asia
- Europe and Central Asia
Meera Shekhar served as Commissioner representing the World Bank Group on the Lancet Commission on Obesity
As climate change challenge continues to worsen, its impacts extend far beyond the extensive damage to the environment—it also has a direct effect on global health, including obesity and undernutrition.
Obesity, undernutrition and climate change have generally been viewed as separate concerns. But a new report released this week -- The Global Syndemic of Obesity, Undernutrition, and Climate Change: The Lancet Commission Report -- shows that these three interconnected agendas –termed a “syndemic” must be tackled together, with synergistic actions, to really create transformative and lasting change.
Despite health-promotion and disease-prevention efforts, we are all at risk of catastrophic health events, which can strike at any moment, in the form of a traffic injury, a newly discovered tumor, a brain hemorrhage, or another sudden affliction affecting us or someone we love. When such events occur, we may abruptly face life-and-death situations that teach us first-hand the critical importance of timely access to medical care.
This blog first appeared on Medium, Financing the Health Systems of the Future: A Proposed Framework for Including Non-Communicable Diseases
A series of studies put out by the Lancet in 2017 highlighted the urgent challenge that health systems face in addressing a growing burden of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) — diseases that now account for nearly three-quarters of global deaths and will grow to more than 80 percent by 2040.
Globally, over one-third of women report having experienced some form of physical or sexual violence. Many cases of violence, such as domestic abuse and rape, are underreported, so the true incidence of gender-based violence (GBV) is actually much higher.