“What does the frequently cited “60% relative reduction” in HIV infections actually mean? Across all three female-to-male trials, of the 5,411 men subjected to male circumcision, 64 (1.18%) became HIV-positive. Among the 5,497 controls, 137 (2.49%) became HIV-positive”, so the absolute decrease in HIV infection was only 1.31%, which is not statistically significant.” (Boyle GJ, Hill G. Sub-Saharan African randomised clinical trials into male circumcision and HIV transmission: Methodological, ethical and legal concerns. J Law Med 2011; 19:316-34.) See: http://www.salem-news.com/fms/pdf/2011-12_JLM-Boyle-Hill.pdf Denied, withheld, and uncollected evidence and unethical research cloud what really happened during three key trials of circumcision to protect men http://dontgetstuck.wordpress.com/2012/02/11/denied-withheld-and-uncollected-evidence-and-unethical-research-cloud-what-really-happened-during-three-key-trials-of-circumcision-to-protect-men/#comment-609 From the USAID report "LEVELS AND SPREAD OF HIV SEROPREVALENCE AND ASSOCIATED FACTORS: EVIDENCE FROM NATIONAL HOUSEHOLD SURVEYS"- Findings from the 18 countries with data present a mixed picture of the association between male circumcision and HIV prevalence (Table 9.3) . . . In 10 of the countries—Cameroon, Guinea, Haiti, Lesotho, Malawi, Niger, Rwanda, Senegal, Tanzania, and Zimbabwe—HIV prevalence is higher among circumcised men.” (page 109) See: http://www.measuredhs.com/pubs/pdf/CR22/CR22.pdf The one randomized controlled trial into male-to-female transmission showed a 61% higher rate among females in the group where the men had been circumcised. See: http://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736(09)60998-3/abstract Danish Study- Male circumcision leads to a bad sex life http://sciencenordic.com/male-circumcision-leads-bad-sex-life November 14, 2011 Circumcised men have more difficulties reaching orgasm, and their female partners experience more vaginal pains and an inferior sex life, a new study shows.