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In Liberia, providing comfort for kids in the aftermath of the Ebola crisis

Rianna Mohammed-Roberts's picture



The Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) crisis ended more than a year ago in Liberia. It resulted in over 10,000 cases and 5,000 deaths. For many children, the crisis continues through intrusive memories of illness, isolation, and death. These memories are particularly acute for the children directly affected by Ebola; those that were quarantined, separated from family during treatment, or orphaned. The Liberia Ministry of Health (MOH) identified 3,091 such children, and a World Bank working paper calculated that approximately 4,200 Liberian children lost one or both parents to Ebola.

Taxation: Most effective but still the least-used tobacco control measure

Patricio V. Marquez's picture
source: Infographic: Stop Smoking: It's Deadly and Bad for the Economy

A new report by the World Health Organization (WHO) shares some good news: Six in 10 people worldwide are now protected by at least one of the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC)-recommended demand reduction measures, including taxation. The report, launched on the sidelines of the UN high-level political forum on sustainable development, also makes clear that raising taxes to increase tobacco product prices is the most cost-effective means to reduce tobacco use and prevent initiation among the youth.  But it is still one of the least used tobacco control measures.

Sustainable domestic financing – a critical ingredient to driving immunisation progress

Kirsten Mathieson's picture
Health worker injecting vaccine to child. Legazpi City, Albay, Philippines.
Photo: Kenneth Pornillos / World Bank

Big results, require big ambitions and there are few bigger for primary healthcare than universal immunization coverage. Governments have committed to this through the Global Vaccine Action Plan (GVAP) and the Addis Declaration on Immunisation (ADI). And while there has been good progress over the last decade – 86% of children globally now receive basic vaccinations – far too many children are still missing out. One in seven children under the age of one is still excluded from basic immunisation.

Standing #WithRefugees: Helping Jordan with the Provision of Health Services to Syrian Refugees

Aakanksha H Pande's picture
Syrian refugee children at Za’atari Camp, Jordan
Photo credit: Aaka Pande, March 15, 2017

March 15, 2017. She looked at me curiously, sipping on her juice box. Her pink sweater in contrast to her anemic pallor. If it had not been for the drip in her right arm, she could be any five year old child. Except she was not. She was a refugee, one of the more than 650,000 Syrians that Jordan has been hosting since the start of the war. Exactly six years ago, the civil war in Syria had started a couple of miles away. Six years later the war continued. It was all this girl had seen in her lifetime.

L’importance des liens entre changement climatique et santé pour le développement

James Close's picture
Also available in: English
 © Curt Carnemark / Banque mondiale
Chine : une femme porte un masque pour se protéger de la pollution.
Photo : © Curt Carnemark / Banque mondiale



Le changement climatique a déjà des répercussions concrètes et quantifiables sur la santé humaine, qui devraient aller en s’aggravant. Particulièrement exposés aux aléas du climat et moins capables de s’y adapter à cause de systèmes de santé et d’infrastructures défaillants, les pays à revenu faible et intermédiaire sont les plus durement touchés. Heureusement, cela fait des décennies que les experts s’intéressent aux impacts cumulés du changement climatique sur la santé, de sorte que nous comprenons de mieux en mieux les enjeux.

À cause notamment de ses effets délétères sur la santé, le dérèglement climatique pourrait replonger dans la pauvreté plus de 100 millions de personnes à l’horizon 2030. Les agents polluants associés aux émissions de carbone sont déjà responsables de plus de 7 millions de décès prématurés par an. D’ici 2030, ce sont 7,5 millions d’enfants supplémentaires qui risquent de présenter un retard de croissance, dont 4 millions sous une forme sévère (soit une augmentation de 4 %). L’Organisation mondiale de la santé (OMS) estime qu’avec le changement climatique, le nombre d’enfants souffrant de retards de croissance devrait passer à 10 millions en 2050. En Afrique, le renchérissement des denrées alimentaires lié au changement climatique pourrait atteindre 12 % en 2030 et jusqu’à 70 % en 2080 — ce qui porterait un coup brutal aux pays où la nourriture représente plus de 60 % des dépenses des ménages les plus démunis. Quant aux coûts directs pour la santé (hors dépenses dans les secteurs qui ont un impact sur la santé, comme l’agriculture, l’eau et l’assainissement), ils se situeraient dans une fourchette de 2 à 4 milliards de dollars par an d’ici 2030.
 
Le problème, c’est que 15 % seulement des pays qui se sont dotés de plans d’action contre le changement climatique y ont intégré un volet sanitaire. Conscient de cette lacune et face à l’appel grandissant des chercheurs et des agents sur le terrain, le Groupe de la Banque mondiale a élaboré un programme pour y remédier. 

Connecting Climate Change and Health for Better Development

James Close's picture
Also available in: Français
Woman wears mask to protect from pollution. China.
Photo: © Curt Carnemark / World Bank



Climate change is already having real, measurable impacts on human health, and those impacts are expected to grow. Low- and middle-income countries are seeing the worst effects as they are most vulnerable to climate shifts and least able to adapt given weak health systems and poor infrastructure. The good news is that the cumulative impacts of climate change on health have been extensively discussed for decades and understanding is growing.

Pandemics will strike but countries' preparedness is less certain

Prof. Dr. Recep Akdağ's picture



Turkey is a transcontinental country, with territory contiguously spanning two continents. It is bordered by eight countries and is circled by sea on three sides. The international airport in Istanbul is the 10th busiest airport in the world, and last year, in 2016, more than 60 million passengers went through it. Of these, two-thirds were international passengers. Yes, Turkey is very vulnerable to disease outbreaks. Indeed, all countries are.

World No Tobacco Day 2017: Why Does It Matter?

Patricio V. Marquez's picture


"Sugar, rum, and tobacco, are commodities which are nowhere necessaries of life, [but] which are ... objects of almost universal consumption, and which are therefore extremely proper subjects of taxation."

-    Adam Smith, An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations (1776)


World No Tobacco Day 2017 focuses on the links between tobacco use, tobacco control, and sustainable development. Does this mean that tobacco use is more than a public health issue?  The answer is an emphatic yes, rooted in robust scientific evidence accumulated over the past five decades and country experiences worldwide. Let me explain.

Statement on appointment of Dr. Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus

Tim Evans's picture
On behalf of the World Bank, I extend our very warm congratulations to Dr. Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus on his election as Director-General of the World Health Organization.  He brings a wealth of expertise and experience that will help steer WHO to have even greater impact. We look forward to strengthening our collaboration with WHO under the leadership of Dr.Tedros in our common pursuit of supporting countries to accelerate progress towards universal health coverage and to improve their preparedness to manage epidemic threats.
        

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