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Road Injuries and Non-communicable Diseases: A Hidden Health Burden in Sub-Saharan Africa

Patricio V. Marquez's picture



Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) are becoming a significant burden in sub-Saharan Africa, and road traffic injuries are rapidly emerging as a major cause of death and disability. By 2010, cerebrovascular diseases (stroke) and road injuries were already within the top 15 causes of years of life lost, joined by ischemic heart disease, diabetes mellitus, and hypertensive heart disease in Southern sub-Saharan Africa.  Road traffic injuries are expected to be the number one killer of children aged 5-15 in Africa by 2015 if current trends continue unabated. Yet, this burden remains largely hidden.

Universal Health Coverage in Turkey: “Pearls” Emerging from the Pressures of Ambitious Reforms

Tim Evans's picture


The author with colleagues after touring a health facility in Turkey, June 2013.                                                                                                                                                                                               Also available in Turkish

Two days after joining the World Bank, I traveled to Turkey to attend the government’s ministerial meeting on universal health coverage (UHC), which corresponded with The Lancet publication of an independent 10-year assessment of Turkey’s Health Transformation Program (HTP).

Tabaquismo: ¿Una excepción a las tendencias mundiales de desarrollo?

Montserrat Meiro-Lorenzo's picture
Also available in: English

 Wiki Commons
photo credit: photo courtesy Tomasz Sienicki/Wiki Commons

Es una verdad universalmente reconocida que...casi la mitad de los consumidores de tabaco muere de manera prematura. Eso equivale a 6 millones de personas, o 1 de cada 10 muertes en el mundo, cada año. Esto, en sí mismo, tal vez no convierta al cigarrillo en un problema mundial de desarrollo. No obstante, el hecho de que su consumo en la mayoría de los países de ingreso mediano y bajo vaya en contra de las tendencias del desarrollo global -que por lo demás son generalmente positivas en relación con la pobreza, el hambre y la mayoría de los objetivos de desarrollo del milenio (ODM)-, nos debe hacer reflexionar, sobre todo en el Día Mundial Sin Tabaco (31 mayo).

Tobacco: An Exception to Global Development Trends?

Montserrat Meiro-Lorenzo's picture
Also available in: Español

 Wiki Commons
photo credit: photo courtesy Tomasz Sienicki/Wiki Commons

It is a truth universally acknowledged that … tobacco prematurely kills about half of those who use it. That amounts to 6 million people, or one of every ten deaths worldwide, each year.  This, in and of itself, may not make tobacco a global development issue.  However, the fact that tobacco use in most middle-income and low-income countries   runs against otherwise generally positive global development trends related to  poverty, hunger and most of the MDGs, should give us pause, particularly on World No Tobacco Day (May 31). 

India’s Unique ID System: How Can It Improve Health Services?

Julie McLaughlin's picture


An example of “leapfrogging” in development was in evidence last week at the World Bank’s headquarters as Nandan Nilekani, co-founder of Infosys, and now the Chairman of the Unique Identification Authority of India, described how India is rolling out its Aadhaar scheme, which intends to issue a unique identification number (UID) to every Indian (more than 1.2 billion people).

Bird Flu and Public Health Systems: Lessons of History

Patricio V. Marquez's picture

(image: Wikipedia Commons)

 

Here we go again!  In the last couple of weeks there has been a lot of media buzz about the outbreak of H7N9, a new deadly bird flu virus in China, centered in Shanghai and surrounding provinces and now reported in Beijing.  This outbreak follows the global panic and economic and travel disruptions caused by the severe acute respiratory syndrome, or SARS, in 2003 and the H5N1 avian influenza outbreak in 2006. 

Nutrition: Cornerstone of the Post-2015 Agenda

Leslie Elder's picture

Last week marked the start of the final 1,000 days to the end of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). As the international community discusses achievements and challenges of the MDGs since the year 2000, discussions are also intensifying around the post-2015 development agenda. Many call nutrition the “forgotten” Millennium Development Goal, given continued low levels of development assistance resources in support of nutrition and the lack of progress on child underweight (MDG1c). But if we look to the future, what do international experts have to say about how nutrition should be included in the post-2015 development agenda? 

«Оттепель», или Россия против курения

Patricio V. Marquez's picture

Возможно, эта информация осталась для вас не замеченной, но этой зимой Россия совершила важнейший прорыв к улучшению состояния здоровья населения страны, заслуживающий самой высокой оценки: в стране принят федеральный закон, запрещающий курение в общественных местах и ограничивающий продажу сигарет. Таким образом, Россия присоединилась к многочисленным странам, в которых борьба с курением отнесена к первоочередным задачам здравоохранения.

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