Farming can be precarious. This is especially true if you are poor and living in an area susceptible to climate shocks. In sub-Saharan Africa, with approximately 1 billion inhabitants, agriculture still accounts for roughly 64% of employment. Moreover, more than 95% of its arable land relies solely on rainfall, without the luxury of irrigation. As a result, climate shocks such as drought frequently cause crop loss and livestock death across the continent, sending large parts of the population into turmoil. A changing climate is expected to make the situation worse.
Less than a month after the adoption of the new global development agenda – Agenda 2030 – the question “A Legal Identity for All by 2030: What Will It Take?” brought together 32 development practitioners and scholars for a three-day workshop to discuss an answer to this question, and how progress towards a legal identity for all could be measured. The workshop was co-hosted by the Open Society Justice Initiative (OSJI) based in New York and the Civil Registration Centre for Development (CRC4D) of The Hague, The Netherlands.
With the recent adoption of the Sustainable Development Goals at the 70th United Nations General Assembly, it has been widely acknowledged that digital technology, the data revolution and the spread of broadband coverage will play a central role in accelerating data collection and measuring progress on the SDGs, as well as enabling governments to improve their decision-making capabilities, and delivery of critical services.In other words, digital innovation will be critical for achieving the SDGs. And if countries are focused on following a sustainable development path, they will have to get serious about reaping the digital dividends from the use of information and communication technologies.
The good news is that this is already happening. Digital technologies and data analytics, for example, have been used effectively to address the Ebola crisis in West Africa; and mobile phone networks have brought modern banking to unserved populations throughout the developing world.
These new technologies are empowering people – most notably the rapidly growing youth population – and creating new opportunities for alleviating poverty and boosting economic growth.
It is in this context that a couple of weeks ago we hosted at World Bank headquarters a one-day event titled “Estonia ICT Day –Smart Digital Solutions for Sustainable Development”.