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Submitted by Subha Mani on

Thanks David, very accurate. I would have guessed India and Kenya in general to take spots 1 and 2. As you mentioned Michael Kremer's work drew people to work in Kenya. I think similarly Banerjee and Duflo's work attracted a lot of young scholars to work in India.
At least for India, I can think of a number of reasons for why we see this:
1) Bigger sample size for less money. Exchange rate works in your favor if you are coming with grant money from the developed world.
2) Easy to travel.
3) No major language barriers. English is the medium of communication in all big cities.
4) Lots of good NGOs to collaborate with.
5) In the last 10 years, several Indians with US PhDs have gone back making it feasible for you to collaborate with some of them.
6) Funding opportunities that were made available by IGC-India Central also incentivized people to work on India.
7) Presence of JPAL and IPA.
8) Presence of World Bank and IFPRI.
9) Funding opportunities from 3ie for India.
10) Last but not the least, India's rich cultural and socioeconomic diversity.