Thanks for your question. We just wanted to clarify what you meant to ask is whether the effects are just contemporaneous (meaning resulting directly from participation in the project) or whether participation in the project enables workers to have employment beyond and after the project. For three of the studies, (two in Egypt and one in Tunisia) we only looked at impacts in the short-term, which are arguably contemporaneous and we find mostly positive labor market effects including employment, consumption, savings, etc. So we do not have enough data points to say something conclusive about long-term or persistent effects outside of the project. For what it’s worth, though, two of our studies provide some suggestive evidence on this question. One, the Cote d’Ivoire study that conducted a follow-up survey several months after completion of the project found little evidence of persistent effects, although there were some important heterogeneity (the study found positive findings on specific target groups including 1) the poor and vulnerable and 2) women), which highlights the need for proper targeting to maximize the impacts of these types of programs. Along similar lines, one study in Egypt provides suggestive evidence that long term effects are limited since data showed that the longer after the program completion when survey is taken, the smaller the size of the employment effects. Please do let us know if our response is adequate.