Kazakhstan. Photo: Kubat Sydykov / World Bank How large is the share of public procurement to GDP in middle-income and low-income countries and how it is evolving? If sizable, can public…

Simeon Djankov, Federica Saliola, Asif Islam |

Early investment in the lives of disadvantaged children will help reduce inequality, in both the short and the long run. —James Heckman Investments in the early years of children’s lives and in…

Harry A. Patrinos |

Education is an investment: every year of schooling raises earnings by ten percent. Photo: Maxim Zolotukhin / World Bank Last month, I joined a group of former education ministers and experts for…

Harry A. Patrinos |