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June 2012

China's Labor Challenges

Cai Fang's picture

For China, one of the fastest growing economies in the world, a huge challenge is balancing growth between the booming coastal areas and the inland areas. We spoke about this and China's labor market with Cai Fang, one of China's most influential economists. Fang describes how efforts to balance growth are affecting China's huge migrant worker population, which typically lacks the formal employment contracts enjoyed by urban workers.

The Girl Effect

Matthew De Galan's picture

The gender gap in school enrollment may be narrowing, but the gender gap in labor force participation is on the rise. In fact, slightly more than a third of young women in developing countries are jobless. We spoke with Matthew De Galan, a Senior Fellow at the Nike Foundation, which partners with the World Bank on the Adolescent Girls Initiative (AGI) – aimed at helping adolescent girls and young women make a successful transition from school to work.

Responding to Pioneers

Ricardo Hausmann's picture

As countries search for ways to accelerate growth, a big attraction is investment and innovation, especially if it enhances workers' skills. We spoke with Ricardo Hausmann, an expert on growth strategies, and Director of the Center for International Development and Professor of the Practice of Economic Development at Harvard University. Hausemann urges policymakers to be responsive to "explorers" who are trying to innovate, weighs the issue of providing subsidies for pioneer investments, and suggests that the international division of the value chain is making it easier for countries to get into the game.

Attracting ICT Businesses

Ilkka Lakaniemi's picture

For developing countries, the competition is intense to attract innovation in the information and communications technology (ICT) industry. We spoke with Ilkka Lakaniemi, the Director of Global Policy Initiatives for Finland’s Nokia Siemens Networks, about the best way to do this. He explores what it means to have a good business environment and why it might be worth taking a leap of faith in some countries not known for the easiest business environments.