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July 2013

A Better Search Ability for Some Young French Workers Reduces the Search Success of Others

Claudia Sepúlveda's picture

 University students in France checking bulletin board for new schedule 2011 ©Photo_Alto

Young people continue to face record unemployment levels in many OECD countries—with rates exceeding 60 percent in Greece, 55 percent in Spain, and about 40 percent in Italy and Portugal—according to the latest OECD Employment Outlook. The report calls for youth to be a top priority for policy action to avoid long-term "scarring" effects as a result of prolonged unemployment and low-income spells early on in their careers. But what policies can be pursued? And what evidence do we have of their impact on employment in the short and long run?

Creating Jobs for Youth in the Dominican Republic

José Luis Polanco's picture

In the Dominican Republic, the unemployment rate among young people (18-29) is around 26.6 percent, more than double the rate for adults. Job quality is also an issue, with youth mostly employed in the informal sector, where wages are low and benefits rare. One program aimed at improving this situation is the Youth and Employment Program, begun in 2001. The JKP asked José Luis Polanco—the Director of the Project Coordinating Unit in the Ministry of Labor—about the latest program evaluation. He tells us that the results were mixed.

Migration and Developing Country Labor Markets

Amelie Constant's picture

In developed countries, vocal debates about how much immigration is desirable often make the headlines, but what’s the case for migration in the developing world? We recently discussed this topic with one of the leading experts on the economics of migration — Amelie Constant, Program Director of Migration at the Institute for the Study of Labor (Bonn), and a visiting professor at George Washington University and Temple University.

Designing Effective Employment Services — the Australian Way

David Robalino's picture

 A view of the Opera House in Sidney. ©David Robalino.

In late June I was in Canberra and Sydney on a trip organized by the Community of Practice on Employment and Social Safety Nets. The sponsors were the World Bank's Human Development Department of the Middle East and North Africa Region — the region with the world's highest youth unemployment rate. I joined delegations from Brazil, Lebanon, Tunisia, and Saudi Arabia for talks with government officials, which highlighted some good active labor market policies.

Crafting Policies Where Informal is Normal – Part 2

Martha Chen's picture

At least half the workforce in the developing world is in the informal sector. Informal work is associated with low incomes, high risks, no benefits, and no representative voice. We recently spoke about the issue with Martha Chen, a Lecturer in Public Policy at the Harvard Kennedy School and the International Coordinator of the WIEGO Network, which seeks to improve the status of the working poor in the informal economy, especially women.