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July 2016

Why are women working less under capitalism than communism?

Joanna Tyrowicz's picture
A woman works in a call center. Photo: © Flore de Préneuf / World Bank

The last three decades have seen a transition from central planning to market systems across Central and Eastern Europe (CEE). But over the same period there has been a consistent decrease in women’s employment. Prior to the transition, CEE countries were characterized by a relatively high employment ratio among women. Gender employment gaps were generally lower in CEE under central planning and then increased over the course of transition. 

Advancing a 21st century skills agenda for today's youth

Matt Hobson's picture
Also available in: Español


On World Youth Skills Day, we acknowledge the millions of young people that are falling in between the cracks because of a “skills gap” – a mismatch on the skills that they have acquired and the skills demanded by today’s employers.

Towns, not cities, are best for jobs and poverty reduction

Luc Christiaensen's picture
In our rapidly urbanizing world, cities lead economic growth and job creation. However, just focusing on mega cities and metropoles ignores the fact that the majority of the urban population still lives in secondary urban centers, or towns. We believe a focus on employment in secondary towns, rather than just cities, can help create more, better and inclusive jobs.