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  • Reply to: How to guarantee water access to reduce inequality in Central America   1 month 3 weeks ago

    Many thanks for sharing this overview of remarkable endeavors to address water and sanitation challenges in these countries. The package seems to be relevant for a comprehensive and holistic approach including reforms, service delivery as well as water security

  • Reply to: 17 cursos sobre ciudades y desarrollo urbano disponibles en línea, y en español   2 months 2 weeks ago
    La información sobre cada curso puede encontrarse haciendo click en los enlaces. Saludos.
  • Reply to: Protecting the “new poor” during Brazil’s economic crisis   3 months 1 day ago

    This is a really interesting report. However, would be great a estimative of the impact of a reasonable reform in the Brazilian business environment. How many additional jobs and investment we would have if were less confuse do business in Brazil?

  • Reply to: Transforming the heart of Argentina´s economic and social prosperity, its cities   3 months 1 day ago

    Thanks for these questions! Indeed, we looked at some of these dynamics in the report “Leveraging the Potential of Argentina Cities” published last year (available at Unfortunately, there was no information on firms’ location to better understand the trends.

    In terms of demographic trends, we found that metropolitan Buenos Aires still maintains its high population share due to the continued growth of its peri-urban areas and migration from other regions. The other 5 largest agglomerations in the country (with populations between 700K to 1.5 million) are however growing below average (though all of them are sprawling), while smaller cities grew above the average. We found that small agglomerations in proximity to large urban centers have higher population growth, calling for a more in depth analysis of economic drivers.

    In terms of employment, many agglomerations of different sizes in the poor northern regions were amongst the fastest growing in terms of employment, though the sustainability of that employment growth is a concern.

    We also used night-time light data as a proxy of economic density (in the absence of subnational GDP data). We found that there is still an important gap in economic density between metropolitan Buenos Aires and the top five agglomerations in the country. We did find that that smaller agglomerations have had higher economic growth.

  • Reply to: To close the infrastructure gap, Brazil needs to spend better – not necessarily more   3 months 1 day ago

    I wonder where the role for participatory budgeting is. The challenge in prioritizing one project over another is often that a minister's 'pet project' gets funded, while one that has greater impact sometimes does not.

    By the way, isn't Porto Allegre, Brazil the classic case of participatory budgeting in water?