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In 2004, I submitted a MA gender-based thesis to the Holy Ghost College, Kimmage Manor, Dublin- Ireland. It is entitled, 'Power and Women's NGO/NGDO: A Case Study of the Catholic Women Organisation (CWO) in Nigeria'. Reading Ms Ezekwesili's write-up, I am amazed to realise that the issues raised in my thesis seven years ago are still pertinent! The onus of my thesis is that the development enterprise, otherwise called 'modernisation/westernisation' and its multiferous Agencies including World Bank, IMF, etc, have opted for the 'power-over' concept of power interplays and relationship to the detriment of other power capilaries such as 'power within, power with, power for...' Also there is not enough power analysis by NGOs and other development agencies who carry out project implementation. Moreover, WID, GAD, Feminist Movements, NGO that attempt to balance the power equation fall into the same pitfall of 'development as modernistion/westernisation' with little or no cognisance of the power women (3rd World women) already have. As a result, the 'women empowerment' programme has become dis-empowerment for women, thus producing just the opposite result. This is becasue, as Albert Einstein said, you cannot solve a problem by using the same mind-set and method that created it. Aid-giving is Western-industry that perpetuates poverty and NGOs cannot alleviate, talkless eradicate it beacuse NGOs exist precisely because of poverty! NGOs "organisational schizophrenia", like the biblical servant turn between two masters: loyalty to donors (masters)and its own exsistence on one hand, and the grassroot beneficairies, especially women, on the other, is quite revealing! Like Ezekwesili, my experience of my mother's (now late), -a widow and single mother - strength, courage and intelligence, together with the role of the women in my village in making Catholicism my village supreme religion in the face of men's partriachal African Traditional Religion, rubbishes the image, stereotype and abstract categorisation and representation of the African woman as powerless, helpless, subjugated and incessantly in need of aid. It is this stutus quo way of thinking and doing that creates and reinforces gender inequality. I agree with Ezekwesili that thinking is not enough because thinking can be status quo thinking, just like status quo action. What is needed is critical thinking in a postmodern development paradym as well as a deconstructed development action, and that must start with recognising the power women have to build, transform, mobilise, achieve and protest... This power must be harnessed and brought to the negotiating table in every gender discourse and development endeavour. Brief, Women should not be seen, or made to act as objects but subjects of development programmes. We have acted and reflected. It's time to get back to action! By Malachy Nwanalobi Oleru, M.Afr(Secretary to the Catholic Bishop of Yendi, Northern Ghana)