Oby Ezekwesili and the World Bank advocate gender equality because it is "smart economics". I full identify with gender equality but for a different reason. Women should be treated equally, not just because that will raise economic production, but simply because women are human beings. What makes a man a human being is the same as what makes a woman a human being. In other words, the dignity of a woman as a human being is not in any way less than the dignity of a man as a human being. To advocate gender equality because of its potential for higher economic production comes very close to reducing the woman to a thing. What is advocated--gender equality--is thus undermined by that on which it is predicated--greater economic production. The common dignity that belongs to us as human beings--male and female-- must, at all times, be acknowledged, promoted and defended.