Great goals. 2 things stop it happening in practice. Firstly the paper-based strategy of minimising damage has ironically provided cover for accelerating worldwide damage for the entire lifetime of sustainable development rhetoric. This will inevitably proceed without a net positive impact strategy. Secondly the perverse destructive economic incentives remain intact. For example, Africa could be powered by a combination of forest expansion and carbon-negative biochar devices. Instead the US $7b'Power Africa' initiative is catalysing investments in fossil fuel infrastructure to sell mega-impact US fracked fuels to Africa.