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New country classifications by income level

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Also available in: العربية | Español | Français

Each year on July 1, the analytical classification of the world's economies based on estimates of gross national income (GNI) per capita for the previous year is revised. As of 1 July 2016, low-income economies are defined as those with a GNI per capita, calculated using the World Bank Atlas method, of $1,025 or less in 2015; lower middle-income economies are those with a GNI per capita between $1,026 and $4,035; upper middle-income economies are those with a GNI per capita between $4,036 and $12,475; high-income economies are those with a GNI per capita of $12,476 or more. The updated GNI per capita estimates are also used as input to the World Bank's operational guidelines that determines lending eligibility.

Changes in classification

The country and lending groups page provides a complete list of economies classified by income, region, and lending status. The classification tables include all World Bank members, plus all other economies with populations of more than 30,000. Please note, regions include economies at all income levels. The term country, used interchangeably with economy, does not imply political independence but refers to any territory for which authorities report separate social or economic statistics. Click here for information about how the World Bank classifies countries. The updated World Development Indicators database, GNI per capita data, and income-level aggregations will be available at data.worldbank.org from Tuesday July 5th.

Below you will find the list of countries with new income groups.

Economy Old group New group
Cambodia Low Lower middle
Equatorial Guinea High Upper middle
Georgia Lower middle Upper middle
Guyana Lower middle Upper middle
Mongolia Upper middle Lower middle
Russian Federation High Upper middle
Senegal Lower middle Low
Tonga Upper middle Lower middle
Tunisia Upper middle Lower middle
Venezuela, RB High Upper middle

Release of World Development Indicators 2015

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The 2015 edition of World Development Indicators (WDI) has just been released. WDI 2015 provides high-quality cross-country comparable statistics about development and people's lives around the globe. Read the blog post here. The WDI suite of products can be accessed from data.worldbank.org/wdi, and include:

  • A full text of the WDI as a PDF file which is also accessible from Open Knowledge Repository (OKR).
  • The Little Data Book 2015, a pocket edition of the WDI, which is also available from OKR and the PDF file can be accessed by clicking here.
  • An update to the WDI database including notes and metadata explaining the relevance of the indicators for development, their source, and their methodology. Visit databank.worldbank.org or click here to get direct access to the database.
  • Online tables: 87 tables presenting country and aggregate data organized into six main topics (World View, People, Environment, Economy, States and Markets, and Global Links) providing both data and comprehensive "About the Data" explanations. These tables are automatically updated quarterly and can be accessed and downloaded from http://wdi.worldbank.org/tables.
  • Interactive Millennium Development Goals (MDG) Dashboards: These dashboards provide MDG progress status for regions, income classifications, and other groups. http://data.worldbank.org/mdgs.
  • The WDI "DataFinder" application available in English, Spanish, French and Chinese, in tablet and mobile phone editions for both Android and iOS. The current version has been updated with new data, and a new version will be available at the end of April.

International Debt Statistics 2015 now available

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IDS 2014

The 2015 edition of International Debt Statistics (IDS) has just been released. IDS 2015 draws from comprehensive databases of debt statistics collected from 124 low- and middle-income countries, as well as quarterly external and public sector debt from high-income countries.

These databases continue to be a vital input for debt managers and researchers around the world working to improve the management of global capital flows.  Making these resources available to everyone is an important element of the World Bank Group's commitment to open data. Users can easily navigate these online resources to view, graph, and download the debt statistics of countries worldwide.

2013 Global and Regional Estimates for Child Malnutrition Released

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UNICEF, WHO, and the World Bank Group released in September an updated joint dataset and interactive dashboards of the 1990 – 2013 global and regional estimates for child malnutrition indicators – underweight, stunting, wasting, severe wasting, and overweight prevalence and numbers.  As a precision measure, all estimates are accompanied with their 95% confidence intervals.  Wasting and severe wasting, a serious malnutrit

New Quarterly External Debt Statistics (QEDS) database launched based on the latest international standards

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The World Bank, in collaboration with the International Monetary Fund (IMF) Statistics Department, launched the new Quarterly External Debt Statistics (QEDS) database featuring new concepts and definitions as well as new classifications of external debt statistics (EDS) and tables that enhance their analytical use.

World Bank and IFC launch Global Consumption Database

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The World Bank's Development Data Group and the IFC recently joined forces to launch the Global Consumption Database, the most comprehensive dataset to date on consumer spending patterns in developing countries.  The database, based on government surveys of more than one million households in more than 90 countries, will help companies discover untapped demand and design market research to evaluate business opportunities in emerging markets.

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