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Almost all regions on track to meet MDG poverty reduction target

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The first Millennium Development Goal (MDG) focuses on eradicating poverty, hunger and decent work. These three targets realize that poor health and lack of education deprive people of productive employment. Depleted and spoiled environmental resources; and corruption, conflict, and misgovernance that waste public resources and discourage private investment also trap people in poverty. While poverty exists everywhere, there has been progress.

Target 1A: Halve, between 1990 and 2015, the proportion of people whose income is less than $1.25 a day

Progress toward the MDGs, but much remains to be done

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The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) are a commitment from the international community to an expanded vision of development that vigorously promotes human development. These goals are the key to sustaining social and economic progress in all countries, and recognize the importance of creating a global partnership for development. The goals have been commonly accepted as a framework for measuring development progress.

India receives US$107 million in loan for statistical capacity building

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On June 1, 2010, the World Bank approved a Statistical Strengthening Loan for India of US$107 million. This loan supports institutional and policy based reform by the Government of India to strengthen state statistical systems within a national policy framework. This project was developed to enable States and Union Territories of India to progress towards common national standards for key statistical activities and improve the credibility, timeliness and accuracy of statistics at both central and state levels.

40 percent of world population do not use improved sanitation facilities

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Access to safe water and hygienic sanitation are fundamental to good health. In 2008, 2.6 billion people – 40 percent of the world’s population -- had no access to improved sanitation facilities. Every year, 1.5 million children die due to diarrhea caused by the combined effects of inadequate sanitation, unsafe water supply, and poor personal hygiene.

The Millennium Development Goal (MDG) target is to reduce by half the proportion of people without access to basic sanitation by 2015. Progress has been slow and, at the current rate, the world will miss the MDG target.

43 million people worldwide forcibly displaced in 2009

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In 2009, nearly 43.3 million people worldwide were forcibly displaced due to conflict and persecution. According to the latest statistics published by the United Nationals High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), this is the highest number since the mid-1990s. This number includes 15.2 million refugees, 27.1 million internally displayed persons, and nearly 1 million individuals whose asylum application had not yet been adjudicated by the end of the reporting period.

Developing economies increase share of global output

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Estimates of gross national income (GNI) for 2009, released on 1 July, show that the share of developing regions in the global economy increased from 18 percent in 2000 to 28 percent in 2009. On a purchasing power parity (PPP) basis their share increased from 34 to 44 percent with China still remaining the second largest economy, after the United States. Brazil, Russia, India, and Mexico are among the 15 largest economies in the world.

Europe and Central Asia’s value of trade grew at an annual rate of 24% between 2005-2008

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The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) recognize that expanding international trade can help developing economies achieve the MDGs by fostering economic growth and increasing job opportunities. At the 2000 Millennium Summit developed countries agreed to increase market access for developing countries by lowering tariffs and granting tariff-free access to all goods (except weapons). They also agreed to increase aid for promoting trade and to decrease domestic agricultural subsidies that harm imports from developing economies.

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