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40 percent of world population do not use improved sanitation facilities

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Access to safe water and hygienic sanitation are fundamental to good health. In 2008, 2.6 billion people – 40 percent of the world’s population -- had no access to improved sanitation facilities. Every year, 1.5 million children die due to diarrhea caused by the combined effects of inadequate sanitation, unsafe water supply, and poor personal hygiene.

The Millennium Development Goal (MDG) target is to reduce by half the proportion of people without access to basic sanitation by 2015. Progress has been slow and, at the current rate, the world will miss the MDG target.

43 million people worldwide forcibly displaced in 2009

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In 2009, nearly 43.3 million people worldwide were forcibly displaced due to conflict and persecution. According to the latest statistics published by the United Nationals High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), this is the highest number since the mid-1990s. This number includes 15.2 million refugees, 27.1 million internally displayed persons, and nearly 1 million individuals whose asylum application had not yet been adjudicated by the end of the reporting period.

Developing economies increase share of global output

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Estimates of gross national income (GNI) for 2009, released on 1 July, show that the share of developing regions in the global economy increased from 18 percent in 2000 to 28 percent in 2009. On a purchasing power parity (PPP) basis their share increased from 34 to 44 percent with China still remaining the second largest economy, after the United States. Brazil, Russia, India, and Mexico are among the 15 largest economies in the world.

Europe and Central Asia’s value of trade grew at an annual rate of 24% between 2005-2008

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The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) recognize that expanding international trade can help developing economies achieve the MDGs by fostering economic growth and increasing job opportunities. At the 2000 Millennium Summit developed countries agreed to increase market access for developing countries by lowering tariffs and granting tariff-free access to all goods (except weapons). They also agreed to increase aid for promoting trade and to decrease domestic agricultural subsidies that harm imports from developing economies.

In developing countries nearly 500,000 women die from complications of pregnancy and child birth every year

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Improving health is central to the World Bank and goal 5 under the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), a program that vigorously promotes human development as the key to sustaining social and economic progress in all countries. The MDGs recognize the importance of creating a global partnership for development and have been commonly accepted as a framework for measuring development progress.

Data show MDG target challenges from 2008 financial crisis

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Impact of financial crisis on regions – some weather the crisis while others feel its effects
The 2008 financial crisis and ensuing global recession have substantially increased the challenge of meeting the MDG targets. While economic growth is not explicitly targeted in the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), income per capita measures are highly correlated with widely used indicators of poverty, health, and education.

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