Millions of soccer fans around the world have their eyes glued to Brazil for the FIFA World Cup games. In light of this, let's take a look at the World Bank's Open Data sets to get a closer look at Brazil, the world's fifth most populous country, and its neighbors.
- Population: 199 million
- Surface area: 8.5 million sq. km
- Terrestrial protected areas: 26.3% of total land
- World's fourth largest cereal/dry grain producer
(dates of the data may vary)
- On a global level, the rate of under-five child mortality has been cut in half, from 90 deaths per 1,000 live births in 1990 to 48 per 1,000 in 2012. The estimated annual number of under-five deaths has fallen from 12.6 million to 6.6 million over the same period.
- Since 1990, 216 million children worldwide have died before their fifth birthday — more than the current total population of Brazil, the world's fifth most populous country.
- Disparities between children in the high-income and low-income countries have narrowed, but many gaps still remain. Case in point: In Luxembourg, the under-five mortality rate is just 2 deaths per 1,000 live births; in Sierra Leone, it is 182 deaths per 1,000 births.
As we stand a year away from the Millennium Development Goal (MDG) 4 – which aims to reduce the global under-five child mortality rate by two-thirds between 1990 and 2015 – the pace of reduction would have needed to quadruple in 2013-2015 to achieve this goal, according to the United Nations Children's Fund's (UNICEF's) Committed to Child Survival: A Promised Renewed – Progress Report 2013.
A closer look at regional rates
Now let's take a look at the regional and country level data by viewing the World Development Indicators (WDI) 2014 and the indicator under-five mortality rate. The WDI also features a short progress report on MDG 4, which complements the detailed analysis of the World Bank Group's Global Monitoring Report. This report uses the same methodology to assess whether countries are on track or off track to meet the 2015 targets.
Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), where one in ten children die before the age of five, faces the biggest challenges in achieving MDG 4, followed by South Asia. The SSA region reduced its child mortality rate by 45% during 1990 to 2012, the only region to reduce its under-five mortality rate by less than half during this time. SSA also lags behind other regions in its pace of decline in the total number of under-five deaths.
Two previous posts outlined plans to review the World Bank's analytical income classification, here and here. Since we are updating this classification with new data soon (July 1, 2014), we wanted to let users know where this work stands.
Every year, the analytical classification groups all economies into four categories: low income countries (LICs); lower middle income countries (LMICs); upper middle income countries (UMICs); and high income countries (or HICs). This year we will update the classification using 2013 data, but we will not make any change to the methodology.
Access to finance, availability of credit, and cost of service are all key to financial development. Credit finances production, consumption, and capital formation, which in turn lead to economic activity. The availability of credit to households, private companies, and public entities shows the worldwide growth of the banking and financial sector.
In this Q&A blog post, we examine domestic credit data trends as compiled in the World Development Indicators 2014, and what the data reveal about the changing financial landscape in developing countries.
Q: What is "domestic credit provided by the financial sector"?
A: Domestic credit provided by the financial sector is credit that is extended to various sectors. The financial sector includes monetary authorities such as the central bank (the entity which controls the supply of a country's currency), deposit money banks (commercial "main street" banks), and other financial institutions. In a few countries, governments may hold international reserves as deposits in the financial system rather than in the central bank. Since claims on the central government are a net item (claims on the central government minus central government deposits), the figure may be negative, resulting in a negative figure for domestic credit provided by the financial sector.
The World Bank's Development Data Group and the IFC recently joined forces to launch the Global Consumption Database, the most comprehensive dataset to date on consumer spending patterns in developing countries. The database, based on government surveys of more than one million households in more than 90 countries, will help companies discover untapped demand and design market research to evaluate business opportunities in emerging markets.
Sub-National Malnutrition Indicators map showcases subnational estimates of child malnutrition (prevalence for stunting, underweight, overweight, wasting and severe wasting indicators) using the most recently available data for each country mapped. The five indicators are calculated based on the WHO Global Database on Child Growth and Malnutrition which is a carefully maintained database covering over eight hundred first level administrative divisions for 86 developing countries.
Environmental resources differ from financial, human, and capital resources in a significant way – they are exhaustible. And given the ever growing dependence on natural resources, this is an area that developing countries take seriously.
What have governments worldwide done to make certain that natural resources are protected?
How are they ensuring that their progress is sustainable and not just a windfall gain?
The global decline in forest cover
Forests cover about one-third of all land worldwide. At the beginning of the 20th century, the Earth's forest area was about 50 million square kilometers. This has since shrunk to about 40 million square kilometers. Most of this decline was caused by the growing demand for forest and paper products, as well as for agricultural land use.
June 5 is the United Nation's World Environment Day, a day to encourage worldwide awareness and action for the environment.
The highest concentration of forest loss is found in developing countries, specifically in Latin America and the Caribbean and Sub-Saharan Africa.
When you hear the words “top tourist destination,” do sandy beaches and national parks come to mind? Perhaps places with historical significance like the Egyptian pyramids or the temples of Angkor Wat in Cambodia? When we take a close look at the tourism data, we see that some of the top tourist destinations in the world are in low- and middle-income countries, specifically, in the East Asia and Pacific region.