This year’s Gates Annual Letter focussed on energy and time. Bill Gates argued that cheap, clean sources of energy are fundamental to the future of human development, and Melinda Gates shone a light on how women spend their time, and how it’s spent and compensated differently than men’s. The letter is an excellent example of communicating complex issues clearly and in an engaging manner and we encourage everyone to read it.
The labor force participation rate includes the unemployed and people working without pay
But what exactly is an unpaid job? Things like internships or volunteering come to mind, but more often it’s people working in a family-run business without pay. And in most of the countries where have data, women are more likely than men to be working without pay in these roles: