The foreign-born population of the United States continues to increase according to new data from the Census Bureau’s American Community Survey (ACS). According to the ACS, the U.S. foreign-born population reached 40.8 million in 2012. This represents an increase of one percent from the prior year. Between 1990 and 2000, the U.S. foreign-born population increased 57 percent and between 2000 and 2010, it increased 28 percent. In another study, the Pew Hispanic Center reported that there has been an upturn in the unauthorized immigrant population following a decline during the global financial crisis. According to Pew, the unauthorized immigrant population increased from 11.5 million in 2011 to 11.7 million in 2012.This represents an increase of two percent. Between 1990 and 2000, the unauthorized immigrant population increased 146 percent and between 2000 and 2010, it increased 133 percent. See Chart 1 (note that authorized includes naturalized foreign-born population).
International migration provides some of the biggest opportunities for economic growth poverty reduction and shared prosperity. As this fact has become clearer over time, academic research on various development aspects has gained momentum. Along the way, our annual Migration and Development conference, co-sponsored by the World Bank (WB) and the Agence Française de Développement (AFD), obtained a more central place. The conference was initiated in 2008 and the sixth meeting was held earlier this year in Morocco.
If you're interested in seeing the very forefront of research in this area, don’t miss the 2014 conference. It will be held at University of Oxford on June 30–July 1 and hosted by the International Migration Institute of Oxford. Full-paper submissions are due on January 5th and must be sent to email@example.com.
After a natural disaster, among the first form of help to rush in are remittances from migrant relatives. The physical infrastructure supporting access to cash and remittances is likely to have been disrupted by Typhoon Haiyan. Even drawing cash from one's own savings from banks is rendered difficult due to damaged physical infrastructure and disrupted communication networks.
Relief operations tend to focus on delivery of food and water, but delivering cash and restoring remittance services are also important to enable people to buy necessities. Perhaps banks and money transfer agencies could expand their courier networks and even consider waiving remittance fees for a month to help the affected people. (Recall: remittance fees were waived by some leading money transfer companies after the Haiti earthquake in 2010.) Government and international aid agencies in turn should try to restore basic banking and remittance services in the affected region.
In 2014, Swiss voters will have to decide on two referenda which mandate restricting immigration.
The first is sponsored by the right-wing Swiss People’s Party (SVP) and seeks the reintroduction of quotas for the number of foreigners allowed to work in Switzerland. The proposal is contrary to the free movement of workers agreement that Switzerland has signed with the European Union. While the SVP argues that the accord with the EU can be renegotiated, this will most likely be an illusion since such a move would open the door to renegotiating all bilateral agreements Switzerland has signed with the EU.
Recently, some news outlets in the Gulf region have hinted at the possibility of the United Arab Emirates’ (UAE) government imposing a tax on remittances. In the GCC countries foreign workers constitute a large portion of the total population (an average of 60 percent in 2010 with almost 90 percent in the UAE). Expatriates in the Gulf cannot obtain local citizenship nor invest in real estate, and those with low skills cannot sponsor their immediate family members to join them. Remittance outflows from the GCC countries have surpassed 70 billion USD in 2011 making the region rank as the largest remitter in the world. With such significant remittance outflows, the rationale behind imposing a tax is to keep a portion of the money leakages as potential investments in the domestic economy.
with Ervin Dervisevic
The Consumer Financial Protection Bureau’s (CFPB) final International Remittance Rule (“Remittance Rule”) became effective on October 28, 2013.
In the past, consumers sending money from the United States abroad might have received limited information on the costs of international money transfers and how much money would the beneficiaries receive. Whenever consumers experienced problems sending money abroad, little federal law was there to protect them.
Leonarda Dibrani is the 15-year-old schoolgirl who was recently ordered off a school bus in France, so she and her family could be deported to Kosovo. The political fallout of the deportation notwithstanding, Leonarda represents the triple whammy of being an “alien”, being “illegal” and being Roma.
A new report “Inclusion Matters: the Foundation for Shared Prosperity” discusses the ways in which girls like Leonarda are excluded. It notes that identity is an important driver of exclusion and places the discussion within the context of contemporary trends and transitions. It shows that migration is today’s most volatile demographic transition. The preoccupation of previous decades, with fertility and mortality, has given way to a near-panic about in-migration and fear of “illegal” migrants. And this panic is not confined to OECD countries.
“In Lampedusa ten days ago, the air was not only full of the stench of the decaying bodies of drowned Africans -- men, women, and children -- it reeked of hypocrisy,” writes Uri Dadush in Huffingtonpost.
In case you missed the news about this sad and shameful event, it began with migrants from Africa trying to come to Europe in a boat; it involved drowning and death of some 365 people within eyesight of the beautiful beach island of Lampedusa; and it is by no means the end of poor people trying to swim the sea for safety and survival from hunger and exploitation.
Global flows of cross-border remittances exceed $500 billion in money transfers across a dizzying array of bilateral corridors. With over 200 countries, send-receive combinations exceed forty thousand. Moreover, the variables that drive these cross-border flows hinge on a multitude of factors from migration flows, economic growth, historical connections and more. In short, it’s an explosion of diversity that can be hard to fully comprehend and envision.
The developing world is expected to receive $414 billion in migrant remittances in 2013, an increase of 6.3 percent over the previous year. This is projected to rise to $540 billion by 2016.
India and China alone will represent nearly a third of total remittances to the developing world this year. In India, remittances are larger than the country’s earnings from IT exports.