Spain is facing an economic downturn that it is affecting the construction industry, a sector of the economy which employs many immigrants. Workers are being laid off and the Spanish government finds itself in need of providing them with social security and unemployment benefits.
(Zhimei Xu contributed to this post)
Oil prices increased from $26/barrel in early 2001 to over $130/barrel in June 2008, vastly enriching some countries flush with natural resources. Rising prices may affect migration patterns from origin countries in South and Southeast Asia, most noticeably away from the United States and towards the oil-rich Middle East countries.
Un plan de retorno voluntario de los inmigrantes legales que no tienen empleo ha sido aprobado el 19 de Setiembre del 2008 por el gobierno de España. Se podrán acoger a esta nueva iniciativa los inmigrantes que no pertenezcan a la Unión Europea y que sus países hayan firmado convenios bilaterales con España en materia de portabilidad de seguridad social. El programa esta dirigido para los inmigrantes de Marruecos, Ecuador, Perú, Colombia, Ucrania, Argentina, Republica Dominicana, Rusia, Uruguay, Brasil, Venezuela, Chile, Filipinas,
On August 25, 2008, the Philippine Professional Regulatory Commission released statistics indicating nearly half a million Filipino nurses are unemployed (see news).
The six Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries are experiencing an economic boom due to high oil prices. These countries also have some of the highest immigration rates in the world. According to this Economist article, these governments are becoming increasingly anxious at the erosion of their national cultures.
Despite the current economic climate, a recent Standard & Poor's research report found that remittance securitization and securitization of other future flow receivables in emerging markets are performing well, bucking the trend in global credit markets.
Adding to my earlier post about card based technologies, m-banking services are far cheaper than brick and mortar banks, but these can be costly compared to a poor person's income. The Consultative Group to Assist the Poor (CGAP) has a head-to-head comparison of how the prices of the top branchless banking service -- GCash, Smart Padala, M-Pesa, Wizzit and MTN -- stack up against the top four banks in Sout
The impact of sea level rise from global warming could be catastrophic for many developing countries. The World Bank estimates that even a one meter rise would turn at least 56 million people in the developing world into environmental refugees.
Not only do countries need to start planning and implementing measures for adaptation, but the international community and some countries will need to devise an immigration strategy how to deal with populations who will be forced to resettle due to climate change.