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Longitudinal Research on Environmental Change and Migration: A Workshop on Objectives, Methods, and Applicability to Policy and Practice (March 19-20, 2015 -- Washington, DC)

Hanspeter Wyss's picture
KNOMAD’s workshop focused on the role of longitudinal data collection and analysis in improving understanding of three principal issues: the determinants of environmentally-induced migration, the impacts of these movements on the migrants as well as communities of origin and destination, and the long-term efficacy of migration as an adaptation mechanism as well as the long-term efficacy of strategies to reduce emigration pressures. 

The workshop’s four major findings are:

Age Old Debate: Why do Elderly People Oppose Immigration?

Hernan Winkler's picture

The Mediterranean Crisis has been fueling anti-immigrant sentiment across Europe, adding even more challenges to the debate about immigration policies. The difficulty to agree on immigration matters is also evident if we look at the current state of the EU immigration policy: rather than a common policy, it is a collection of 28 migration regimes with marked differences in terms of openness and flexibility.

This is a problem because Europe’s population is expected to age rapidly. And even though immigration won’t solve all of Europe’s economic woes, more open and flexible immigration policies will inject much-needed flexibility and dynamism into Europe’s graying economies.

Will there be policy coherence between the FfD Action Agenda and the Post 2015 Development Agenda on migration, remittances and diaspora?

Sonia Plaza's picture

I attended the FfD Conference where the Addis Ababa Action Agenda (AAAA) was adopted.  Migration and remittances were positively included in the outcome document. However, it will be important to ensure policy coherence and alignment on what have been adopted in Addis and what will be adopted in the SDGs. 

Addis Ababa Action Agenda (4A): On harnessing migration for financing development, we are almost there!

Dilip Ratha's picture
Yesterday the Addis Ababa Action Agenda (4A) was adopted at the Third International Conference on Financing for Development (FfD). The 4A recognizes the positive contribution of migrants, half of whom are women, to inclusive growth and sustainable development and notes that it must be addressed in a coherent, comprehensive and balanced manner.

Indian Migrants’ Problems: Few Suggestions

Indian workers’ migration to the Gulf is a century old phenomenon, however, major breakthrough occurred after the first oil boom (1973-74). Today, approximately 7 million Indians work in six GCC countries, which is more than 50% of estimated 13 million foreign workers present in the GCC. The Indian workers in GCC remit about US$40 billion i.e. around 57% of the total remittances, i.e. US$70 billion India receives annually.

A $100 billion idea: Harnessing migration for financing development goals

Dilip Ratha's picture
As global leaders meet in Addis Ababa this week to decide how development goals would be financed in the next 15 years, I hope they'll take note of the enormous potential of harnessing diasporas, migration and remittances. Please read this note outlining a few under-exploited market-based financing options that are directly connected to international migration.

Call for Proposals: Evaluation of diaspora programs

Dilip Ratha's picture
Diaspora engagement is a big and growing issue in developed and developing countries, with strong policy interest. But all things considered, the topic is vastly under-studied compared to its economic importance. A serious obstacle to good policy-making is the lack of collective learning about the impact of diaspora policy interventions.

Remittances to India — Resilient to Domestic and External Shocks

Poonam Gupta's picture

Having surpassed the annual volume of portfolio capital flows or official development assistance, remittances are among the largest and most stable external flows to developing countries. As per the World Bank estimates, remittances to developing countries have increased steadily over the years, from $324 billion in 2009 to $436 billion in 2014. The resilience of remittances has not been uniform across countries though. It has depended crucially on the economic conditions in the host countries where a country’s diaspora population lives; and on the kind of economic activities that it primarily engages in. Remittances are affected adversely during economic slowdown in the host countries, and especially if the diaspora engages in cyclically volatile activities, such as construction.

How Economic Incentives Can Stimulate Diaspora Philanthropy

Alexander Dixon's picture

Diasporas are increasingly garnering attention as contributors to economic and social development in their countries of origin. Remittances from international migrants to developing countries alone are three times the amount of official development assistance. Diasporas have both the desire and capacity to invest in their countries of origin, but as discussed in our last blog post (Why Diaspora Investing is a Burgeoning Trend), there exists several barriers to diaspora capital flows including lack of information, widespread legal challenges, and the growing need for financial intermediaries. U.S. diasporas value transparency, tax deductions, and the ability to invest in entrepreneurship, but they are often restricted from investing due to strict investor regulations. Perhaps the solution is a well-established IRS philanthropic vehicle called a donor advised fund (DAF), which can be tailored to appeal to the diaspora.

The 8th Migration and Development Conference is Next Week

Caglar Ozden's picture

The 8th Migration and Development Conference will be held on June 8-9 at the World Bank Group headquarters in Washington, DC. This is the premier annual conference on migration issues that investigates how international migration affects economic and social change in developing countries. This conference is co-sponsored with the French Development Agency (AFD) and the Center for Global Development (CGD). In addition to Çağlar Özden  from the World Bank, the organizers of the conference are Cyrille Bellier (AFD),  Hillel Rapoport (Paris School of Economics) and Michael Clemens (CGD).