In observance of the International Migrants Day, Dec 18
Even before 2004, when eight central and eastern European countries (including Poland) joined the European Union (EU), there were fears that citizens from these Member States would flood the more affluent western European countries, placing a burden on their welfare systems. With two additional central and eastern European countries—Bulgaria and Romania joined the EU in 2007, and restrictions on free movement of citizens from these two countries were lifted in January 2014—the debate on “welfare tourism” has heated up further, especially considering the lingering effects of the economic crisis in Europe. The arguments voiced in the debate suggest that the “new” EU mobile citizens are attracted precisely by better-quality services and easier access to those services in the more affluent western Member States.
In observance of the International Migrants Day, Dec 18
As governments meet in the Conference of the Parties of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) in Paris (COP 21), addressing the consequences of environmental change on human mobility should be high on their agenda. And they should be aware that the link between climate change and human mobility is much more complex than often assumed or depicted by the media. People have been moving for thousands of years due to environmental change. With climate change, however, such movements will likely accelerate. For many, voluntary migration will be an effective adaptation strategy if they are able to move in safety and dignity.
December 9, 2015Room MC13-121, World Bank Headquarters
1818 H Street NW
Washington DC 20433
9:00 AM - 6:30 PM
Time: 9am – 6.30pm (US Eastern time)
Watch the event live:
The event is open to the public.
Call for Papers: 9th International Conference on Migration and Development
Migration Policy Center, European University Institute, Florence, June 13-14, 2016
The French Development Agency (AFD) Research Department, the World Bank Development Research Group (DECRG) and the Migration Policy Center of the European University Institute (MPC-EUI) are jointly organizing the 9th International Conference on “Migration and Development”. The conference is devoted to investigating ways in which international migration affects economic and social change in developing countries. Possible topics include the effects of migration on poverty, inequality, and human capital formation; social networks and migration; diaspora externalities; remittances; brain drain; migration and institutional/technological change.
A selection of papers from the conference will be considered for a special issue of The Journal of Economic Geography.
Massimo Livi-Bacci, University of Florence
Gianmarco Ottaviano, London School of Economics
The EU Presidency of Luxembourg and the World Bank are organizing a “Conference on Migration and the Global Development Agenda”. The World Bank Group President, Mr. Jim Yong Kim, will give the opening remarks. This high-level event will be held at the World Bank Headquarters in Washington D.C. on December 9, 2015 (9:00 AM – 6:30 PM). You are invited to participate in this conference and join researchers, government representatives, non-governmental representatives, private sector representatives, local governments, and international organizations and other colleagues in the discussions. Please find attached a concept note with a draft agenda.
As the first event after the finalization of the SDGs, this conference will bring together major stakeholders on migration and development to highlight the latest thinking on how to maximize the benefits and minimize the risks associated with migration for host, origin and transit countries as well as for the migrants and their families. Speakers will be invited to present various perspectives from a global, national, municipal, business and civil society.
Venue: World Bank, Washington D.C. (Conference room MC 13-121)
Wednesday, December 9, 9:00 – 6:30 PM Livestreaming: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ntJuiWaXO9sh
RSVP to reserve your space: [email protected]
Link to the Concept Note and Agenda
The original write-up (from Ratha and Shaw 2007) explaining how bilateral remittances are estimated, is reproduced below (click on the snapshot to download):
- Remittance trends. The growth rate of remittances to developing countries is projected to fall from 3.3 percent in 2014 to 2.0 percent in 2015. The impact of slow growth on remittance outflows measured in dollars is compounded by the valuation effects of the U.S. dollar appreciation against the currencies of remittance-source countries, especially the ruble.
- Outlook. Remittances to developing countries are expected to rise by about 4 percent in 2016 and 2017, buoyed by the continuing recovery in the United States and a modest acceleration of economic activity in Europe. However, the potential for further dollar appreciation against the currencies of remittance-sending countries and the possibility of reduced remittance flows from oil-exporting countries should oil prices remain low are important downside risks to this forecast.
- Remittance costs. The global average cost of sending $200 remained at about 7.7 percent in the second quarter of 2015, or approximately 2 percentage points below the level in the first quarter of 2009. Remittance costs varied significantly by region, and within region by corridor. A major risk to the downward trajectory of remittance costs arises from the closure of accounts of money transfer operators by correspondent banks due to concerns related to regulatory compliance. Addressing these concerns would require a clearer distinction between the risks associated with remittance transactions and those with other financial transactions.
- Major policy changes. The recently-adopted Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and the Addis Ababa Action Agenda on Financing for Development endorse improvements in migration policies, efforts to end human trafficking and promote decent labor conditions for migrant workers, reductions in the costs of remittances and recruitment, and the collection of statistics on migration disaggregated according to migratory status. The Action Agenda also addresses the issue of de-risking by banks and adverse effects of financial regulations on financial inclusion.
Read the press release here (Also available in: Français | العربية | 中文 | Español)
Datasets on Inflows and Outflows
Bilateral Remittances Matrix, 2014
Bilateral Migration Matrix, 2013
For more information, visit www.worldbank.org/migration
Also available in: Français | العربية | 中文 | Español
In 1964, I came to the United States from South Korea, then an extremely poor developing country that most experts, including those at the World Bank, had written off as having little hope for economic growth.
My family moved to Texas, and later to Iowa. I was just 5 years old when we arrived, and my brother, sister, and I spoke no English. Most of our neighbors and classmates had never seen an Asian before. I felt like a resident alien in every sense of the term.