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Hello Ryan, With an impression of the progress so far made by Doing Business in fulfilling its mission, I thought of making this comment with a suggestion for further improving the future editions. As can be seen from Doing Business country case studies, as well as the news coming from certain countries with regard to their law & economic reforms, governments have been keen to give effect to the policy implications suggested by DB, as well as to get a higher country rank in the report. It is certainly a positive indication, given these countries pay equal attention to the limitations of DB as well. That means, as you have clearly indicated, DB is limited in scope, i.e., focused on the formal sector; and measures a selected set of factors as the ‘ease of enterprise’ indicators. Therefore, as you have further mentioned, “gaining a fuller understanding of the broader business environment requires combining insights from DB with data from other sources, such as the World Bank Enterprise Surveys” (DB-2011, p.13). The statistics on global informality as referred to in Doing Business enlightens policy makers on the importance of considering its limitations of scope. In this context, one can reasonably guess that the social cost of ignoring the limitations to DB’s scope by any ‘reforming country’ may exceed the social benefits that can be gained by giving effect to its policy implications. For instance, paying less attention to issues that are unique to the informal sector such as the lack of legally marketable title to property (vis-à-vis the ‘Registering Property’ indicator of Doing Business), and the incapacity/ lack of knowledge to contract (vis-à-vis the ‘Enforcing Contracts’ indicator of Doing Business), may increase informality. Relevance of the ‘Legal Empowerment Agenda’ As you are aware, the ‘Renewed Anti-poverty Agenda’ of the UN (passed by Resolution No.A/RES/64/215 of 2009) is based on the recommendations made by the Commission on Legal Empowerment of the Poor (2005- 2008) which was co-chaired by former US Secretary of State Ms. Madeleine K. Albright and the Peruvian economist Prof. Hernando de Soto. The President of the World Bank has functioned as a member of the Commission’s Advisory Committee. In their final report titled ‘Making the Law Work for Everyone’, the Commission calls for action from multilateral agencies including the World Bank to integrate the Legal Empowerment Agenda as a core concern in their work. The said report envisages that such action at the international level would facilitate the achievement of Millennium Development Goals that presently suffer a setback from global financial, food and climate crises. As the said report indicates, legal empowerment is the process through which the poor become protected and are enabled to use the law to advance their rights and interests, vis-à-vis the state and in the market. It involves the poor realizing their full rights, and reaping the opportunities that flow from that, through public support and their own efforts as well as the efforts of their supporters and wider networks. As a poverty reduction strategy, legal empowerment envisages more equitable distribution of opportunities for participation of the poor in economic growth (inclusive growth). Legal empowerment is not just emancipating the poor: it also offers greater prosperity and security for the society as a whole. The Four Pillars of Legal Empowerment Access to Justice and the Rule of Law stand as the first pillar of legal empowerment. It is also the fundamental and enabling framework for legal empowerment. The three other pillars -- property rights, labour rights, and business rights -- are to be treated as three equally important areas of fundamental human rights. It is interesting to see how differently (from conventional literature) the Commission has interpreted these four points in the backdrop of the massive scale of the problem that the Commission was entrusted to address. Four billion people across the globe are excluded from the Rule of Law, as the Commission estimates, and this aptly justifies the mission of the Commission as well as the contents of their report titled ‘Making the Law Work for Everyone’. In the circumstances, I would like to suggest you to include the Legal Empowerment Agenda as a complementary initiative in the future editions of Doing Business. I believe that such an approach would help countries to successfully implement the policy recommendations of Doing Business in order to achieve a more equitable and inclusive economic growth. Thank you Dilum Abeysekera President & CEO LexEcon Consulting Group NZ Ltd