In mid-July, when the Government of Nepal’s FY15 budget was announced live on TV, radio and social media, most Nepalis were keen to watch the latest game of the World Cup. However, in a country with a literacy rate of only 57%, where almost half of Nepalis can neither read nor write, analyzing complex GoN budgetary information would not have been their priority. The World Bank’s Program for Accountability in Nepal (PRAN), however, is hoping to change that and educate people how the GoN budget affects their lives.
PRAN, together with Institute for Governance and Development (IGD), has recently developed ready-to-use, neo-literate flip charts outlining the importance of the government budget, its priorities, and its processes. These new IEC materials have been officially approved by the Government of Nepal for use nationally. Used effectively, they can help Nepali citizens become much more aware of what is rightfully theirs.
Since 2011, PRAN has promoted increased social accountability and transparency in Nepal. PRAN seeks to educate communities about their local budget process and content. As part of this effort, these new flip charts will serve as an awareness-raising tool by offering a detailed visual explanation of how the budget is designed, reviewed and approved.
Approval by the Government of Nepal (GoN)
In June 2014, PRAN received an official letter from the Ministry of Federal Affairs and Local Development (MOFALD) advising us that we can add the GoN logo on these flipcharts, as well as distribute them to municipalities, Ward Citizen Forums, Citizen Awareness Centers and District Development Committees (DDCs) around the country.
These Information Education and Communication (IEC) materials were developed specifically to educate rural people about the budget process, with special emphasis on pro-poor and gender budgeting. The easy-to-understand illustrations are grounded in the community environment and provide easily understandable information that is comprehensible to those who can’t read or write.
In order to expand the use these materials across Nepal, IGD designed the flipcharts with detailed manuals explaining the budgetary procedures and processes, as well as with guidelines on how to use the charts to their full potential.
Contents of the Charts
PRAN has worked on the publication of flip charts with manuals on the themes of Local Budgeting Literacy Material; and Pro – Poor and Gender Budgeting.
The two sets of flipcharts cover:
Local Budgeting Literacy Material
- Concept of public budget
- Components of public budget (including revenue)
- National and local budget
- Participants in budgeting process/ active citizenship and budgeting
- The Annual Budget Cycle: Preparation/formulation, legislation, execution, monitoring & auditing
- Principles and values of budgeting- efficiency , effectiveness , equity and fairness
- Budget process and accountability- horizontal, vertical downward, vertical upward
- Concepts of pro-poor and gender budgeting
- Existing government policies, directives on pro-poor and gender budgeting
- Indicators by which to analyze local body budgets from the lens of poor and women
- Spaces for participation of women, poor and marginalized in local body budgeting
- Processes and opportunities for civial society oversight of the local bodies, including the budget from pro-poor and gender perspective
These flipcharts will be most useful for NGOs, government counterparts, academics, as well as others working with the communities to help them understand Nepal’s budget.
You can download the charts and their manuals here:
Photo Credit: PRAN Flipchart in Hindi
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