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Joseph de Maistre’s prophecy: Is violence unavoidably human?

Sina Odugbemi's picture
These days, every day brings news of a fresh outrage somewhere in the world. As the body count grows, empathy fatigue has set in. And the perpetrators of violence must have come to the same conclusion because they are finding ever more imaginative ways to kill innocents and stupefy the rest of us. The question is: is the ubiquity of violence a passing phase in a world that is allegedly getting more civilized? Or is violence simply a part of fundamental human nature? Each day, as the news alerts on my iPhone bring fresh news of horrific killings somewhere in the world, as I get really, really fed up with it all, someone has been coming to my mind. His name is Joseph de Maistre (1753-1821), a conservative political philosopher that I studied in graduate school several seasons ago now, and one whose ideas have stayed with me. Last weekend, I went to re-read one of his classic texts: Considerations on France (1796).

The work was a reaction, a fierce and uncompromising one at that, to the French Revolution, much like Edmund Burke’s Reflections on the Revolution in France. But, as often happens with the leading figures in the history of political thought, a particular historical event prompted reflections on the nature of man and the judicious organization of political communities. My copy of the work is part of the series that I consider the best in the field: The Cambridge Texts in the History of Political Thought. This particular one contains a magisterial introduction by the great Isaiah Berlin. Here is how Berlin sums him up:

What made Maistre so fascinating to his own generation was that he forced them to look at the seamy side of things. He forced them out of bland optimism…Maistre’s contribution is a violent antidote to the over-blown, over-optimistic and altogether too superficial social doctrines of the eighteenth century. Maistre earns our gratitude as a prophet of the most violent, the most destructive forces which have threatened and still threaten the liberty and the ideals of normal human beings. (p. xxxiii)

As you can sense already, very much like other conservative political philosophers, Maistre does not focus on what human beings might be or become in some wonderful world of the future. He focuses on the brute facts of human life, of revealed human nature as it truly is and has been through history. And he says: that is who we are, not some fantasy. In what follows, I draw from Chapter 3 of Considerations on France: ‘On the Violent Destruction of the Human Species’. The chapter is a survey of the history of conflict since Antiquity, of the wars that were known to educated Europeans in the 18th century. From that thoroughly depressing survey he draws the following conclusions:
  • “Unhappily, history proves that war is, in a certain sense, the habitual state of mankind, which is to say that human blood must flow without interruption somewhere or other on the globe, and that for every nation, peace is only a respite” p. 23
  • “…it is not enough to consider one period of time and one spot on the globe; one must look at the long series of massacres that has soiled every page of history. One sees war raging without interruption, like a continuing fever marked by terrifying paroxysms.” p. 24
  • “If you go back to the birth of nations, if you come down to our own day, if you examine peoples in all possible conditions from the state of barbarism to the most advanced civilization, you always find war.” P. 27
Why is this the case? Part of the reason, he argues, is that we are driven by the same wild, instinctual urges that drive the quotidian violence in the natural world, in the jungles of the earth. He does not believe that we are creatures overly actuated by reason but by passion.

When I studied Maistre in graduate school, what stunned me was that he was writing in the late 18th century. Think about that for a minute. He wrote long before the great wars of the 19th century. He wrote long before the two World Wars of the 20th century which consumed almost 100 million human lives. And he wrote long before the paroxysms of violence in our own day: Iraq, Afghanistan, Syria, South Sudan, Eastern Ukraine and countless other civil wars and conflicts. Not to mention the rampages of nihilistic terrorists.  Recall his line above: at any point in time, somewhere on our globe, human blood is being shed wantonly.

Whatever one’s beliefs, a sunny optimism about human nature must confront the prophecy of Joseph de Maistre. And wrestle with it.


Submitted by Linnea Ashley on

I fear the problem with looking so intently at what we ARE vs what we could be is that what we are now makes what we could be look impossible. Consider the eradication of small pox. If we had used this philosophy, humans have always had it and they always will, then why attempt to rid the world of it. And while there are valid conversations to be had bout "mastering" disease and the balance of the world at large, it was possible to do (we even stand on the brink of doing it with polio).

That said, I think violence today is the symptom more than the problem. There are underlying issues of poverty, education, and historical perspectives that complicate the issue. It isn't generally people just "needing" to kill other people. At the root of violence there is usually some other slight, or wrong. Without education people believe false prophets who skew religion to their own needs. Without equality in education, people are ill equipped to work for a living wage and find ways outside the legal system. Disenfranchisement is not an accident and the violence that follows it is not a mystery. But neither, do i think, that at our core all of us are brimming with the desire to spill blood.

Will we ever be utopian? I doubt it. I doubt that we will sufficiently deal with the root causes of violence adequately enough to warrant peace on earth goodwill toward (wo)men. But I think resigning ourselves to being a species unable to control ourselves ignores the power of evolution and the potential for change.

Submitted by Mr. Alvar Bramble on

It seems violence and its companions emerge as a result of the lack of a channel, institutional or otherwise, through which humans can release stress.

Submitted by Yosef Bronsteyn on

There's a concept in psychology called "suspension of disbelief" which allows, say, readers of a fantasy novel to suspend their beliefs about the "real" world in order to fully experience the fantasy. But suspension of disbelief is a tool that can also be used when we are trying to achieve greatness. When I'm in Phoenix I hike a lot and there's this one mountain that's a rocky mile high that I like to try and go up as fast as possible. When I'm in the middle of the hike, breathing hard and wanting to slow down my mind often pulls the rational card on me and tells me something like this: “look at your history. You've never been able to go this fast. Don't even try. You're doomed to fail.”

These words are dangerous. They allow us to give up before the battle is even over. Humans have greater potential then we know. Just recently I read an article about a rare case of sudden savant syndrome in which a person had a concussion which mysteriously resulted in a him becoming an overnight musical genius. Giving up early is never wise.

But even if we where to grant for a moment that we are indeed fighting a losing battle for peace, what's wrong with that? I say it's about the struggle anyway, not the outcome. So yes, ironically I do agree with this philosopher: war is in our nature and hopefully we’ll use it to suspend our disbelief and keep fighting for world peace despite the steepest of odds.

Submitted by Emily Hernandez on

Although crime is seems quite inevitable due to class differences and differences within societies, I do not believe that it is something that is necessary or something we should make an excuse for trying to achieve something. We perceive violence as something that is just human nature and the only thing that can solve a problem or bring justice or peace, but in the end it feeds to the fire before even trying to die it down. We make too many excuses as to why there is violence in the world and we need to start trying to solve problems without the acting out and endangering lives.

Submitted by Markel Hawkins on

The author of the article presents a very valid point. He says "we are creatures overly actuated not by reason but by passion." I believe that is one of the main issues related to violence. Our intentions get the best of us without consideration of the consequences. Then, when you add in things like jealousy, inequality, etc. it actually makes sense why our society is so violent. I don't ever see complete world peace, but I do know that we can take steps to get closer to achieving it. Perhaps, if we make love more mainstream, or if we try to level the playing field (of life). Conflict is inevitable, but how we react to it could determine whether or not it becomes an even bigger issue, or if starts to diminish.

Submitted by Iliana Contreras on

Society has become accustomed to the amount of violence that is broadcasted daily. Due to this issue I believe we have no sympathy or reaction to crime unless it hits home. Unfortunately, I do think that the crime and violence will continue because of the many differences in our society. I also believe that our human physce is very powerful and it drives our actions. Therefore, when are angry or have impaired judgement we are vulnerable to commit a crime or cause violence. I hope that we can get along better as a society in order to bring worldwide peace.

Submitted by Mehret Bedasso on

We live in a world where people feel the need to justify violence, but in retrospect it's something we should never make an excuse for. At the end of the day, due to violence we lose our loved ones, brothers and sisters, parents and close friends and those looses will never be justified because a certain individuals excuse as to why they commited the act. Looking back just a few years, we have seen on television police killing inoccent people and such but it seems like they always find a way to justify their wrong doings and get away with it. We as society could always learn to be compassionate to others and learn to love one another.

Submitted by Kristina Pierce- Wiggins on

For one thing, the kind of violence that we encounter today is forced upon us by society and the communities we live in.

Be that as it may, most living things are violent to a certain degree. A lot of this is based upon the requirement for survival. In the event that any species were to be actually brutal without some reason, they would become extinct. Another purpose behind violence is population control. For instance, hundreds of years ago, the human population was very steady; wars were battled, however not to eliminate individuals. Times have change a lot over the decades and I believe it will only become worse!

Submitted by Harold on

Violence is one of the prominent things in our civilization. As those who caused the much affliction and pain to humanity defend themselves by saying that was all that they had to do; we can't help it but wonder if violence is truly inborn in us.
Despite the fact that violence is one of the best way that is applied by human to cover their inner emptiness and frustration, it usually brings more harm than any good. For example those who have been victims of bombing and war are usually left with a scar that can never disappear or heal.It is very painful and difficult to loose your whole family in war. In that case, I can say that violence is a part of fundamental human nature.

Submitted by Anjah Flora on

Human beings have the tendency of acting not on reason but on intuition.Violence in a large scale is one of the most destructive elements in our entire human nature.But what can we do?Another question is,can we stop all the conflict and violence?in my opinion I will say no.This is because the concept of reason has become so far fetched in us human beings that we believe in order to give remedy to a solution,we need to be agression.I agree with Joseph de maistre in his points which says "that is just who we are". But what can be done to stop all these violence?no answer has been provided for this question because violence is a relative concept.At one end it can be positive and another end it can be negative. In all, we human beings turn to act on our mob belief rather than our own personal belief which makes it difficult to put a stop to all conflicts.

Submitted by Nora Nolasco on

Violence is everywhere!
It's difficult to try to avoid violence due to the fact that many people are influenced so strongly by the media and other sorts of violent behavior from video games and television. I think to some degree violence is in our fundamental human nature--it has existed from the beginning of man. In the Bible, Cain killed his brother Abel because God was more fond of Abel's offering than his--he felt inferior and the only way to solve the problem according to him, was to kill his own blood.
Although violence is a part of our fundamental human nature, I know there are other variables or factors that make the rise of violence even more prevailing and protrude more globally, than in the past. Factors can be related to nurture--how the environment or society influences us. The media has a huge role in the high rise of violence and the overall downfall of our society as a unit or in unity has really damaged us and our society causing there to be little love around the world. Due to the scarce amounts of true love around the world, hate and violence continue to grow tremendously.

Submitted by Kendall Douglas on

I agree with Maistre's statement that crime is inevitable. The world will never come to a point where everyone follows all of the rules put in place for them. Crime stems from a lack of distribution of wealth and opportunity. Some people feel that there are no practical legal way to better their situation, so they turn to crime. By this definition, crime is created by the very group who works to stop it; the government. If more programs were put in place to educate and assist the less fortunate, the crime levels would decrease, but it is irrational to think that crime can ever be stopped altogether.x

Submitted by Leslie Escalante on

Violence roots from emotion, whether it be anger towards an idea, a group, a decision, or a situation. Yet this isn't always the case, violence is not always so easily defined, there are complex factors to take into account. We as humans are too often ruled by our emotions, everyday rash decisions are made based on emotion, which can be both good and bad. Emotion, when productive, can push us to accomplish great things, it is the strongest motivator on this earth. Nobody is born violent or angry, it is the events that shape us as we grow. How to deal with anger is taught, whether it should be vented towards some creative outlet or let out physically, as kids we absorb what we see and experience.

Submitted by Akhi Hossain on

When I took philosophy in high school, my teacher focused a lot on how it is in human nature to compete with each other which is related to proving their self worth. I feel like war or violence is often times correlated to human beings wanting to reveal their worth, as an individual or a nation, through the acts of violent behaviors. I wish this was not considered a norm in our practical society but it seems like it, especially with all the recent events that's been occurring which was listed in this article. I believe that differential association, a belief that criminal behavior is learned through association with others who regularly engage in crime, has a huge effect on people. For example, a newborn baby is born innocent, not being familiar with any sense of violence. However, if that baby is exposed to constant violence growing up, that baby might view violent behavior as a norm, a way of life. This article is really interesting and I really like the part where Sina Odugbemi said "we [humans] are [not] creatures overly actuated by reason but by passion." Meaning, human beings are driven to do things based off our emotions and our passion for certain things.

Submitted by Kevin Stuckenschneider on

I disagree with this analysis that the world is at the pinnacle of its barbaric, cruel and evil tendencies. I'm a military veteran and have seen and heard of much evil that has been produced from our present broken world. Perhaps the world has not improved at all, but what evidence is there that it's any worse than it was? You didn't cite any examples of how the ways people are killing eachother today were any less imaginary or cruel than the ways they were killing people a thousand years ago. I'm no expert on the subject matter, but from what I've heard and watched from classes and History channel and the like, it was pretty horrific back then as well;arguably more so, since less of the world was considered civilized back then. As a follower of Jesus Christ, I know we were all born with a sinful nature, so things like conflict theory and mass murder occurring in such a broken world is least of all surprising. True deviance from the way we are programmed to behave would be loving our enemies and praying for those who persecute us.

Submitted by Brenda Garcia on

I think it's sad that violence is so common in this world and that we're almost getting used to it. As mentioned in the article, violence in human societies seems to have always been around. Despite this fact, I don't know if I'm fully convinced that it is in human nature to be violent. I can see how this would be the belief, but I also believe that people are influenced by environmental factors to be violent and commit crimes. So, in order to diminish violence, perhaps people should be provided with a more loving and peaceful environment. Unfortunately, this isn't always possible.

Submitted by Drew Liss on

Violence needs to end. Too many times people got way too far to get their point across, and as a result lives are lost. I do unfortunately think violence is unavoidably human. It is human nature to want to have more power and unfortunately kill someone in order to get their point across. A very clear example of this is ISIS. They publicly murder people to get their own agenda passed. I am a behaviorist. I believe people are shaped by who they are surrounded by and the effect the environment has on someone. I believe people who are violent are surrounded by others who are violent and commit many wrongdoings.

Submitted by Zoha Tariq on

Control theory is sociology suggests that crimes and violence results from an imbalance between impulses and the social/physical controls that deter it. I agree with the theory, to an extent. A person, no matter how morally conscious, will have the opportunity and the temptation to steal if he or she is left alone in a bank full of money. The physical controls like cameras and prison sentence will then attempt to prevent the person from committing the crime. The person's own upbringing and personal values will also have a huge impact on their actions. However, the temptation is still there. In today's age, a war could be started with one push of a button, whether online or not. However, there is a huge difference between stealing and taking someone's life - and I am not condoning either, strictly stating. So much more thought process, execution and other factors go into doing something so violent, so inhumane. And because it is something so inhumane, I don't believe every person on this planet is born with an uncontrollable urge to be violent. Yes, some portion of that violence derives from how passionate a person is but it's a small portion. Psychopaths or sociopaths are clinically so apathetic and lacking in passion and yet they still committ hirendous crimes (some). I believe it is what you surroynd yourself with, who you surround yourself with, what you choose to believe, who you choose to believe, how much you believe, your personal experiences and so many other factors that determine how you develop into an adult. Most of us with a normal, happy but still struggling families don't grow up to be famoys criminals and killers. Instead, we go to school, take out loans, get a good job and work hard most of our lives. What you believe is what you do. In our day and age, amateur philosophers contribute worldwide violence among teenagers due to "violent" video games. Except for a few cases, the large and majority of the population playing these games is only doing it to have fun or even relieve stress, which would therefore actualky reduce the likelihood of committing actual crimes. It does raise the question that why do people feel the need to play these violent video games to relieve stress? Well, living in this war-filled day and age, with technology and graphics more advanced than ever before, and the daily stresses from our professional lives all push us toward playing these games to create a separate universe where the gamer is in control of his/her life. If one truly believes honesty and hard work are the keys to success, they may be less likely to resort to committing crimes. Important factors to consider also include the personal religious beliefs of the person and what they have been to taught to believe and how they have chosen to follow that belief.

Submitted by Nick Castiblanco on

Travis Hirschi believes that "Humans are fundamentally selfish beings who make calculated decisions about wether to engage in criminal activity by weighing the benefits and risks" I believe this relates to the article because the article portrays how humans have been engaging in violence since the beginning of time. In my opinion, violence is not the way to go and it doesn't solve anything. if anything, violence makes everything worse and it starts more conflict. I wish people were raised differently, in a loving household. I would love to see the effect 30 years from now.

Submitted by Alejandra Ramos on

Answering the question: is the ubiquity of violence a passing phase in a world that is allegedly getting more civilized? My answer is a big no. We are just as uncivilized as we were in the stone ages. Just because we look more civilized and have more technological resources does not mean we as a society have changed. There is more meaningless violence then ever before. At least in the past wars people were fighting for something that gave us some kind of order that we have in our society today. People nowadays are killing a causing pain for reasons that are very minimum in the bigger picture, especially in the United States. We tend to blame our problems not on our own selves, but on others which gives us the thought that we have the right to inflict pain on those people.I disagree that violence is part of our fundamental human nature because I believe that people can be pure. As a member of our society I have never looked at violence as a solution to any problem. I can see though is could be possible to be part of our genetics with the amount of violence we have now in this generation. It is sad that we try to tell ourselves that we are not as violent as we used to be, but like Maistre says: that is who we are, not some fantasy.

Submitted by Treshania Blair on

As a science major in college, I am strongly aware of the different behaviors of humankind. Truthfully, I believe that it is in our primal instincts to be violent and to preform violent acts.
Unlike the conflict theory as stated in the Introduction to Sociology textbook that denys deviance against norms as determined by factors such as biology, etc. I strongly disagree with that as violence has and will always be apart of society as much as society wishes for peace and unity. Do I think violence has risen to its peak in recent years? In a way, yes but If you think about it, not much has changed really. It's just different methods of doing heinous things that has changed. Overall, violence is in our human nature as it is a survival mechanism. However, though innate, violence should not be tolerated and I agree that we should continue to strive for change and keep peace in our minds and hearts. I mean what a world it would be if we could resist the urge to be violent and to succumb to peace?

Submitted by Simon Chen on

I feel violence is inevitable. History has proven this over and over. The world is always at war with itself and this causes misfortune for everyone. Everyone is exposed to violence in the first place, with television exploiting crime and the such. Violence roots sometimes from emotions or when left with no other options. When words aren't enough so you comply to violence because it is just easier. This needs to stop. We must all just be open minded and help one another as human beings that live here.

Submitted by Adria Finney on

Joseph de Maistre proposes a very unappetizing perspective to the seemingly civilized tongue -- violence is inevitable, violence is "unavoidably human". Despite how true a concept such as this may be, to hold such a bleak message within our hearts is terrifyingly dangerous. It paves a path full of increased violence assuaged by pitiful excuses, the same mentality which entertains the “boys will be boys” nonsense.
Is the world ready to acknowledge a fact of innate violence and choose to disregard it in favor of aiming to be better than what nature has prophesied for us? I would surely hope so. Because aside from whatever seething hatred many project out into the world, within us is also an unrelenting capacity for love and empathy -- bright companions in an often dark world, forces which propel us through nihilism.

Submitted by Lily Diaz on

Violence is any act of harm. It can be towards oneself or towards others. I agree that violence is unavoidably human. It is a part of human nature that we do not like to acknowledge is there. Violence is caused by any negative thought, most commonly envy. Many conflicts are brought by the struggles and disagreements between economic classes. The lower classes will always be envious of the things the upper classes have. They feel that they must do whatever it takes to get what they need to reach the upper class. It is human nature to usually restort to violence to resolve conflicts. I am not proud to admit it, but physical violence is usually used to resolve conflicts in my family. It is an urge that we cannot control.
Violence has been around for as long as we know. As the population increases, violence increases with it. This may be caused by not being to accept the different point of views of others. A big contributor to violence is the lack of communicating our feelings with words. It is easier to express ourselves with our bodies, and negative feelings will produce negative actions. In an ideal world, we would be able to resolve conflicts in diplomatic ways, decreasing the rate of violence. But for now, we have to accept that violence is unavoidably human.

Submitted by Jeffrey Diaz on

War, this evil act does many things to people. It creates many terrible things like hatred between the two enemies; however, war will always be part of mankind throughout history. I believe we need violence to become stronger. We see huge massacres break us apart but at the same time bring us more together. I believe and agree that violence although does not give us complete peace it is a short period of rest or relief from something difficult or unpleasant.

Submitted by Angelica Florencio on

I believe that some people are just evil in their nature. It’s hard to comprehend that there is people in the world mass killing for their own hidden agenda. But I believe violence is taught, not that someone is born evil. Just like we teach our children to share and be kind is the same way someone learns to hate. It is naive to believe that violence can stop completely nevertheless actions should be made against it. Sadly, we live a world where war happens when there are disagreements among people. So, the real question is can, violence ever stop? Did the power of love ever had chance?

Submitted by Andrew Houston on

Violence is an irrevocable, fundamental aspect of human nature. War has plagued humanity for as long as there have been civilizations, and even before significant amounts of people came together to form communities, violence was prevalent in nomadic societies. Many advances in technology have stemmed from this aspect of humanity. Radar, the internet, satellite navigation, nuclear power, and duct tape are a few inventions/innovations wrought by military organizations in order to be more efficient at war. The phrase "We are only human" echoes the more grim aspects of humanity - our apparent failures and flaws. Is violence a flaw, or merely an element of life? Regardless, cruelty and violence are as much a part of human nature as honesty and compassion.

Submitted by Andrea Aramayo on

Violence and crime is inevitable in my opinion because we live in a world which is very diverse so we all have different values and morals. We can not control the actions and emotions of people. The idea of war is also important, war is not just with people but it can also be having a war within oneself. I often find myself "being in a war" with my thoughts such as my mind trying to tell me negativity but I have to try to fight the negativity. I have seen a very interesting situation at a grocery store that I work in. There was this older lady who went into the store and shoplifted once and we did not do anything because there was no evidence. An hour later she decides to come into the store and shoplift again, while stating " I am above and beyond the law". This lady was insane in my eyes, it comes to show that some people care less about the consequences that come with breaking laws. The lady left smiling instead of with a frown which surprised me the most. I honestly think that these people should be analyzed and if needed taken to a mental facility.

Submitted by Jin Oh on

There are different reasons why we are constantly surrounded by violence. One of them is that we live in a selfish world where violence seems to be one of the ways we can achieve our goals. We tend to be violent in order to be belittle and be better than anyone else in society. Also there are times when we commit violence without even noticing. This explains we deal violence in our daily lives and how it is in our blood. Sometime people use it as a shortcut to satisfy themselves

Submitted by Stephen Barnes on

I believe that all violence is wrong but as humans it is part of our nature. The strongest example of violence in history is war, it something we need to establish power and control. The reason why war plays a big part in human civilization now is because war is so profitable on all parties for the most part. It is necessary evil that people are used to and I just go through what seems like forever now. War might be the strongest example of violence,but another form of violence that is big in America right now is coming from Law enforcement brutality on Blacks and Hispanics. It seems like every month you here about a Police officers getting away for murdering or beating an armed person of color but no justice is served. Until we can get everyone to see how bad violence actually has gotten people will just stand idly by and violence will just be accepted as something that's part of a persons everyday life.

Submitted by Keysi Reyes on

Violence is a inclining around the world as time passes by. It is sad to see how there is so much hatred in people that drives them to commit violent actions towards others. In most cases, innocent people are the affect victims. I do not believe as Maistre says that violence is “the habitual state of mankind.” When we go on with our everyday lives we do not think of hurting others or committing a violent act rather we think of things like what we are going to eat for dinner or what to wear the next day. We make our own decisions and I believe that those people who commit the violent acts choose to cause harm to others. This is something that should not be justified because we need to learn to love one another. If we continue to live in a world where violence is accepted it going to soon be viewed as a normal act which will slowly destroy our societies. We must learn to live in a world with less violence so we can live in a society full of peace and love.

Submitted by Kristian Bonilla on

We all know that violence is everywhere. Violent crime will not stop until the roots of the problem are addressed such as drug abuse, joblessness, and rehabilitating criminals. Crime has increased drastically within the last decade. Men are more likely than women, for instance, the young are more often involved in crime than older people.

Submitted by Patricia Limon on

In our everyday news, there's always something violent that shows up. Bombing, riots, gun violence, robberies, etc... There has been no peace in our world and it seems that war is never ending and it is in our nature to always fight. Maistre brings up the point that "we always find war" which is true because according to the conflict theory, we always find ways to fight with each other. It is the outcome betwee the crimes and it never stops. Human beings are born innocent but as we grow accustommed to nature, we always have the instinct to fight.

Submitted by Yuremis Denis on

Quizas vivir en un mundo donde la violencia y el odio reinan han hecho que muchas personas hayan perdido la esperanza en el mejoramiento humano. Muchos creen que el ser humano nace con la violencia en sus genes. Yo no estoy de acuerdo con eso, yo opino que todos tenemos el potencial para llenar este mundo de cosas maravillosas y brindar todo el amor posible. Razones como el ambiente que nos rodea, lass condiciones o las personas con quien interactuamos hacen que sentimientos oscuros crescan en nuestros corazones. Por eso todos tenemos que tener conciencia que todo lo que hacemos trae consecuencias y puede desencadenar reacciones en otras personas. Llenemos el mundo de amor y no de odio

Submitted by Grecia Rayme on

I agree that violence is something the world faces on an everyday to day bases. However, the issue why violence is caused is because of ignorance. People think it's okay to kill others just because they don't agree with a certain thing. The world needs to stop creating violence just to find a way to solve their problems. In addition, its surprising to know that Joseph de Maistre wrote this in the 18th century, before all the wars occurred.

Submitted by Lovepreet Singh on

Violence is a hot topic these days. Violence has been seen from ages. It existed even before we were born. We Started wars, riots genocides etc. Throughout the 20th century we have fought countless wars and in the second world war most of the deaths were civilians. Yes, innocent people were killed and the number is increasing each day. We "want" peace but violence is part of our society, we are used to it. Look at violent gaming, violent films, even in music violence is prevalent. If humans were truly against such violence then we would not enjoy watching it happen in films, or making it happen in the virtual world of gaming. As a result, we are influenced by these things. We are not born with anger, our surroundings have shaped us in this way that we take action before thinking and most of the time, these actions are violent.

Submitted by Nuntana Nimrat on

Political philosopher, Joseph De Maistre came to the conclusion that violence is part of our natural instincts. On the other hand, it is not that we were born with the urge to act violently but rather, violence being a behavior that is taught and learned. One of the reasons why we learn violence is due to the behaviors of others towards us that can cause us to react in such ways.

Submitted by kolaleh Beikchani on

Humans have potential to think positive and do great things. We need to have always success talk instead of dangerous failing talk to ourselves. We all have great potential. Peace weighs high, if we stand for love and peace, we always win, there is no loss in love and peace. I always say when you go with the right choices and doing good things you are not in war with anybody including the whole universe and yourself. There is always crime, bad stuff going on in this world but you can make always good things happen. It always starts with you, my grandfather used to say this life is like a trip and you make it happen. You vote you change lifes, you do great things,much love k.b

Submitted by Alina on

Violence is a factor that contributes to ones success. For eg. the world wars were for one nation to win over the other. Its not that humans crave violence but it comes along with the need to be on the top. Everything is a competition and for one to succeed, someone else must fail which brings in the violence factor. The circumstances will eventually and ultimately lead to violence.

Submitted by Rosette on

D'apres le philosophe, la violence est entrain de prendre une tres grande ampleur dans le monde. on voit que la violence est entrain de prendre le dessus dans le monde. Avant, c'etait facile de voire les gens marcher sans avoir peur. Mais aujourd'hui c'est le cas les gens ont peur. Un jour, je suis allee au mall en bus. Il y'a une maman bien agee elle n'avait pas assez de moyen sur elle. et elle a dit poliment au chauffeur qu'elle n'avait pas assez d'argent sur elle . A ma grande surprise le chauffeur a arreter le bus et s'est mis a insulte la maman an l'a pointant du doigt comme si il voulait la brutaliser. Au paravant c'etait difficile de voire un jeune parler fort a un veillard, mais aujourd'hui il n'ya plus de respect. les jeunes devienent de plus en plus violent. Aussi, avant c'etait rare de voire une femme faire la violence mais aujourd'hui le pourcentage devient de plus en plus grande.
La violence est entraint de dominer le monde, car nous pensons que c'est en faisant la violence que nous allons obtenir ce que nous voulons, or c' est pas vrai car la violence nous detruit a petit feu. Nous pouvons combattre cette violence qui est en nous en restant toujour positive.

Submitted by meseret worku on

Violence is all over!
It is difficult to avoid violence due to the fact that a lot of people all over are being influenced through the various means for instance though the media and even the television. Violence have even become part of the human nature and it has been there all along since the beginning of humans.
Although violence is part of human nature, they are other which have made it to grow even more when you compare it to the past. Those factors can be related to various aspects for instance the society or even the environment The media has i said before has played a great role in the rise of violence which in turn has greatly led to the fall of the society at large. Violence has increased due to increased incitement especially from the media.Hate in turn seems to grow so much , people don't show love to each other no more.

Submitted by angelica rivera on

I believe that humans are not violent by nature. Rather the underlying cause of the violence is our tendency always want more than what we have. This leads to violence all around the world because thier will always be someone with power that is consumed by the tendency to get more power whether it may be through land, oil, or water. Each nation will always need resources to grow as a nation. as those resources decline the need for them will grow stronger which will lead to more violence. As individual violence goes this is most likely to also be a result of underlying needs of power as well such as more money
due to poverty, food for themselves or even just a better well being of life. In conclusion humans will always strive to get more than we already have which will lead to violence and conflict.

Submitted by Jacob Munson on

I agree that violence is very prevalent in our contemporary society, however there are many exceptions. Those exceptions are deviant behavior from the "norm" of a fast-paced aggressive society. What about when love and peace becomes the norm?

Well, that's the heaven that Jesus came to show us about. There is no heaven on earth except in small individual doses when someone chooses to be kind and loving. But selfishness, anger, greed, and jealousy are all a part of our human nature. Its easy to be all the above. The hard part is to love your enemies and pray for those who persecute you.

Our harmful and destructive desires come from the evil that is natural to this earth, but we have the opportunity to rid ourselves of our nature and be renewed by the healing that comes from God.

Needless to say, we still have to fight the daily internal struggle to do good or evil. The Apostle Paul said "I do what I don't want to and don't do what I ought to do."

Submitted by Nickon Kashi on

The reality here is that people are created to be violent because of multiple reasons. Those reasons are social class, income, exposure to violence, and if whether or not someone is nurturing that child to become violent. Each of these things that I just listed play a very powerful role in if whether or not a child is violent. Not only that, these factors could also turn the child into a potential criminal at any point in their lives.

Submitted by Natsinu Thodpanich on

I agree with Maistre's statement that crime is unavoidable. I do not think that crime and violent will ever stop unless the government makes rules stronger because we cannot control people's behavior. I am pretty sure people who do violent things are most likely reckless and they just have to do it because they do not have no choice. Moreover, if people care about each other just for a little and more calm when they encounter a serious situation; there would not be no crime or violent involved. I hope people do more thinking about the outcomes on whatever they are doing because we have lost too many lives already.

Submitted by Melissa Aguilar on

Violence comes in many shapes and forms. It is very common now to see violent crimes such as shootings, fights, protests, etc...on the news daily. I believe violence is almost impossible to avoid. It almost seems like the only way to do so would be if there was no inequalities, if people had equal opportunities and treatment. When there is inequality, that is what fuels people's anger and the feeling of being treated unfairly. Unfortunately, It's almost impossible for that to happen anytime soon and until people don't feel some type of equality violence will be an issue.

Submitted by Fatima Khan on

This is a truly difficult question to answer. I do believe we as humans are constantly being tempted to engage in various types of criminal activity. Yes, it is part of human nature to be selfish and challenging. However, many people can deal with these temptations effectively and use their morals and values as a means to keep themselves grounded. When reading this article and considering the ideas of Control Theory, I was quite alarmed by what was being said. I do not believe all people would chose to engage in deviant acts if there were no consequences. Instead of staying away from bad thing because of the potential consequences, I genuinely believe many people chose to avoid them because of their own values and beliefs-whether these are manifested as faith, love, passion, or even spirituality.

With all that said, violence still does occur constantly and consistently all around the world. In these cases, I feel as though few people are the actual perpetrators of the initial violence. Wars are often started by the decisions of a very small percentage of the population at war. This small group could be said to be selfish enough to be willing to kill in order to get what they want. Their armies, then, are made up of many people forced to fight for different reasons such as to protect their families or countries, and in some cases even just to survive. The point I'm trying to make is that though many people do engage in criminal and violent activity, it may not necessarily come from a bad place. By saying this I do not mean to justify their actions, but rather bring forward the idea that perhaps amongst the many perpetuators of violence that exist in our world today, maybe only a few are the ones creating he violence while others simply follow because they have no other choice. Therefore, I do not think people are inherently evil and have violent tendencies. Instead, reality is not black and white and that while some may fit this idea, they do not make up the majority.

Submitted by Josue Perdomo Esteban on

Humans are capable of avoiding violence. They have the ability to learn and adapt. They are innocent the moment they are born but can be potentially corrupted by society. However, society cannot take full blame. As I learned in sociology. socialization and social reproduction is what shapes a child and teaches them the social norms. If parents can not teach them what is right or wrong, then it affects the upbringing of their child.

Submitted by Keita Takeda on

People are probably not born violent. Although anger is a natural part of living, the resulting release doesn't have to be angry. For the most part, I see that violent feelings often don't last long. Most people seem to really care about one another with respect. I feel it is not just a result of incentives or of fear of punishment. I sense authenticity in people's caring attitude. Nonetheless, violence is still widespread.Even if people were born with some violent inclinations, they can be resisted with the help of others. violence doesn't have to doom us.


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