We love local. Whether it’s buying vegetables directly from your local farmer, frequenting a neighborhood business, or working as a community activist, many of us believe that solutions to some of…

Marcus Holmlund, Felipe Dunsch |

When the going gets tough, do the tough need higher pay?   Many public policies and nearly all international aid aim to improve the well-being of the poor.  Front-line service providers may not…

Sheheryar Banuri, Damien de Walque, Philip Keefer, Paul Jacob Robyn |

Running a local government is not sexy. It’s making sure that roads are maintained, there is water to drink, health clinics are stocked and staffed, and schools are equipped to teach. Often, it…

Marcus Holmlund, Felipe Dunsch |

Artisanal mining has a terrible reputation. A widespread perception is that this low-tech and labor-intensive way to extract natural resources “may cause severe environmental and health risks,…

Victoire Girard, Rémi Bazillier |

A growing number of students in South Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa are enrolled in private primary or secondary schools. The World Development Report 2018 (on which I was a co-author) highlighted…

David Evans |

In The Godfather II, Vito Corleone chooses his younger son, Michael, instead of his older son, Fredo, as his successor. This decision is based on Michael's intelligence and ability. Fredo,…

Shwetlena Sabarwal, Malek Abu-Jawdeh |

Developing countries made considerable gains during the 2000s, resulting in a large reduction in extreme poverty and a significant expansion of the middle class. More recently that progress has…

Margaret McMillan, Dani Rodrik, Claudia Sepúlveda |

When I was a high school student in Belgium, our history textbook included a reproduction of a painting entitled “The Drunkard” by Eugène Laermans. The painting was included in the section…

Damien de Walque |

The impact of the Great Recession on Latvia was severe. Between 2008 and 2010, GDP fell by 21 percent, 11 percent of the workforce lost their jobs, and poverty nearly doubled, to 18 percent. This…

Mohamed Ihsan Ajwad, Rasmus Heltberg |