The entry into force of the WTO Trade Facilitation Agreement on February 22 is a remarkable achievement. The TFA spearheads a global effort to reduce trade costs, helping countries to connect to…

Anabel Gonzalez |

In the late 1950s, a group of businessmen and politicians on the outskirts of a small town in western Ireland realized their local airport was in jeopardy of losing its international flights.…

Douglas Zhihua Zeng 曾智华 |

在20世纪50年代末,一群在爱尔兰西部一个小城镇郊区的商人和官员们意识到当地机场正面临着失去国际航班的危机。他们深知中转旅客和航空公司对于当地经济的重要性,于是批准了一份在机场附近建立特殊工业区的提案–世界上最早的现代自由贸易区就这样在爱尔兰的香农地区(Shannon)成立了。今天,这一概念已走向世界,据国际劳工组织估计,全球有4300多个不同类型的产业园区。笔者估计实际数目还要高。  …

Miles McKenna |

“Ask anyone you meet on the street whether political risk has risen in the last few years, and you’d likely get a convincing yes, ” a high official from Canada’s Export Development Center recently…

Laura Gómez-Mera, Gonzalo Varela |

West African countries have been working for many years to develop and implement harmonized trade rules for crop inputs. While much remains to be done, new regional regulations for seed and…

John Keyser |

Also available in: Français│ Español I recently returned from a trip to West Africa during which I crossed the Benin-Nigeria border by car at the Seme border post. While waiting for our passports…

Cecile Fruman |

Editor's Note: "Notes From the Field" is an occasional feature where we let World Bank Group professionals conducting interesting trade-related projects around the globe explain…

Miles McKenna |

International trade has a critical role to play in environmental protection and the effort to mitigate climate change. While it certainly isn’t always framed this way, it is important to realize…

Miles McKenna, Jaime de Melo, Mariana Vijil |

One of the core principles of trade economics is that of “comparative advantage.” First described by David Ricardo, the theory says that countries are best off if they specialize in products that…

Siddhesh Kaushik, Julia Oliver |

It’s 38°C (99°F) in Ouagadougou, the capitol city of Burkina Faso, today—and it’s been this hot all week. The end of the warm season is near, but in places like Ouaga (pronounced WAH-ga, as its…

Paul Brenton, Miles McKenna |