Ariel view of rice paddies in Rwanda News headlines often feature stories of water scarcity challenges and increasing competition for water. So it is clear that we need to improve the efficiency…

Diego Juan Rodriguez |

Co-authors: Osama Hamad, Lead Water Supply & Sanitation Specialist, World Bank Water Global Practice Heba Yaken Aref Ahmed, Operations Analyst, World Bank Water Global Practice Sara Mohamed…

Gustavo Saltiel |

When the “Swachh Bharat Mission-Gramin” (SBM-G) was launched in October 2014 with the goal of making rural India free from open defecation by 2019, it gave states and districts more flexibility…

Arun Kumar Dobhal |

Rainwater harvesting for drip irrigation, Lake Victoria, Tanzania. Photo credit: Wisions.net Everybody depends on it; there is no substitute for it if we run out; in some places, it’s more…

Jonas Jägermeyr |

How do you persuade people to use a toilet? This is an urgent question across rural India: somewhere near half a billion people are still defecating in the open, and the Swachh Bharat Mission is…

Robin van Kippersluis |

Eliminating inequality is integral to the Sustainable Development Goals , from ‘universal access’ to water, to ending poverty ‘everywhere’. Yet in a world where the politics of who gets what is…

Nathaniel Mason |

Sushila Devi, a mother of four in the rural Rohtas district of Bihar, India, has no significant assets and depends primarily on casual labor for income. She recently was able to take out a bank…

Vinay Kumar Vutukuru, Mohini Kak, Sitaramachandra Machiraju, Paramveer Singh |

In the village of Bharsauta in Uttar Pradesh, India, construction worker Vishwanath lives with his wife, four children and their elderly parents. Three years ago, the government paid to build a…

Vandana Mehra |

Uttar Pradesh (UP), India’s most populous state with about 200 million people, has historically not performed well on sanitation. According to census figures from 2001 and 2011, the proportion of…

Mariappa Kullappa |

The Water Cartoon Calendar is definitely one of the most unconventional World Bank products. You won’t find anything else like it. If this is the first time you are hearing about it, the Water…

Yehude Simon |