Also available in: Español | Français  Comparing two middle-income countries is not unusual, but two that are geographically far and are apparently different is less common. However, both Turkey…

Ximena Del Carpio |

The first time a World Bank education team tried classroom observations in Brazil, it nearly provoked a state-wide teachers’ strike. It was October 2009 in the northeast state of Pernambuco and…

Daphna Berman |

Leadership is a critical aspect of all social endeavors. In schools, talented leadership is essential to student achievement. (Photo: Graham Crouch / World Bank) Leadership is a critical aspect of…

Harriet Nannyonjo |

Assessments make a lot of people nervous, and I’m not just talking about the students who have to take them. As a psychometrician (assessment expert) and World Bank staffer, I’ve worked on…

Marguerite Clarke |

(Photo: Dominic Chavez/World Bank)  World Refugee Day happens once year, but the issues it is designed to highlight are a daily concern for Lebanon. As the country which hosts the world’s largest…

Noah Yarrow |

Data shows that huge swaths of populations in developing countries are not learning to read. Scaling up early reading interventions will be a first step toward addressing these high illiteracy…

Harry A. Patrinos, Jimmy Graham, Sean Kelly |

While more ECA program countries are participating in the PISA assessment of 15-year-old students' skills, education poverty in these countries has only slightly declined since 2000. (Photo:…

Cristian Aedo, Katia Herrera Sosa |

Results-based financing can force conversation to focus on developing a theory of change that starts with results. (Photo: Minna Mattero / World Bank) We just got back from Nepal to see how…

Jessica Lee, Peter Holland |

Technology rapidly changes the workplace and the skills demanded, making current workers less employable. One approach is to think about the kind of work that technology cannot replace. (Photo:…

Harry A. Patrinos |

(Photo: Curt Carnemark / World Bank)    自动化技术、机器人和人工智能要么能解决我们所有的问题,要么会终结全人类——从不同的人那里,你可能会听到不同的意见。   预计在不远的将来,机器的智能将会战胜人类,这一时点被称为“奇点”。而抛开机器的崛起对人类的威胁是否真实存在不说,还有一个更加实实在在的问题:机器人当前被大量用于自动化生产。   经济学家理查德…

Harry A. Patrinos |