With the Incheon Declaration recommending governments to allocate between 15 – 20% of total public expenditure to education, how can governments improve the efficiency of their education systems…

Juan Baron, Ignacio Pezo |

Foto: Sarah Farhat/ World Bank Tan solo tres semanas después de que me nombraran ministro de Educación de Perú, mi equipo y yo recibimos los resultados de la ronda de 2012 del Programa Para la…

Jaime Saavedra |

Measuring learning outcomes allows countries to plan better, as it shows the magnitude and characteristics of their learning challenges. Photo: Sarah Farhat/ World Bank Just three weeks after…

Jaime Saavedra |

Public school teachers in Brazil, Indonesia or Peru have stable jobs, enjoy high level of legal protection, and are part of teacher unions that shield them politically. Public school teachers in…

Jaime Saavedra, Hanna Alasuutari, Marcela Gutierrez |

Les enseignants des écoles publiques du Brésil, de l’Indonésie ou du Pérou ont des emplois stables, bénéficient d’une bonne protection juridique et font partie de syndicats d’enseignants qui les…

Jaime Saavedra, Hanna Alasuutari, Marcela Gutierrez |

“African participants visit modern container port in Ningbo, China. Photo credit World Bank” This September I traveled to Beijing and Ningbo, China, to participate in the second Africa China World…

Girma Woldetsadik |

Also available in: Español | Français  Comparing two middle-income countries is not unusual, but two that are geographically far and are apparently different is less common. However, both Turkey…

Ximena Del Carpio |

In many ways, Ethiopia’s teacher Continuous Professional Development program is an education specialist’s dream: teachers regularly collaborate with peers, they are mandated to complete 60 hours…

Ellen Whitesides Kalisz |

The first time a World Bank education team tried classroom observations in Brazil, it nearly provoked a state-wide teachers’ strike. It was October 2009 in the northeast state of Pernambuco and…

Daphna Berman |