Robots may not be taking all our jobs, but they are changing profoundly the way we work. Take the European Union (EU), where jobs are increasingly about “non-routine cognitive” and “interpersonal…

Christian Bodewig |

Inclusive education has been a universally acknowledged goal for over two decades, since Salamanca Statement (1994). This goal has been further strengthened by the Convention on the Rights of…

Hanna Alasuutari, Hannu Savolainen, Petra Engelbrecht |

Public school teachers in Brazil, Indonesia or Peru have stable jobs, enjoy high level of legal protection, and are part of teacher unions that shield them politically. Public school teachers in…

Jaime Saavedra, Hanna Alasuutari, Marcela Gutierrez |

This page in: Français Across European countries, women continue to earn less than men. Looking at data for full-time working women across 30 countries, we find that women would have needed an…

Gabriela Inchauste, Ana Maria Munoz-Boudet, Paola Buitrago Hernandez |

While more ECA program countries are participating in the PISA assessment of 15-year-old students' skills, education poverty in these countries has only slightly declined since 2000. (Photo:…

Cristian Aedo, Katia Herrera Sosa |

Syrian refugee students listen to their school teacher during math classes.  Photo © Dominic Chavez/World Bank ​In Europe, the year 2015 will be remembered as the year of the “refugee crisis.”…

Christian Bodewig |

Photo Credit: Barbara Bruns / World Bank Anyone working in education is familiar with the story of Finland’s remarkable evolution into one of the world’s top-performing education systems. The…

Barbara Bruns |

Also available in: Français | العربية   A boat trip from Port Elizabeth to Kingstown, in the Caribbean country of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, is a one-hour trip that locals take several…

Valerie Lorena |

Editor's Note: "Notes From the Field" is an occasional feature where we let World Bank Group professionals conducting interesting trade-related projects around the globe explain…

Miles McKenna |

If I had to pick one critical source of exports and a key driver of economic growth for Armenia, I would pick mining.   But mining is a risky business and is fraught with hurdles. Exploration…

Jean-Michel Happi |