Despite years of fiscal decentralization, not many countries have been able to quantify the size and structure of the economies at the decentralized units. To our knowledge, only South Africa has…

Peter Chacha Wankuru |

Students line up to wash their hands before eating at Kanda Estate Primary School in Accra, Ghana. Photo © Dominic Chavez/World Bank Human capital, that is the set of skills, health and knowledge…

Pietro Calice |

In the Africa Chief Economist’s Office, we seek to generate knowledge on key development issues around the continent. We also host the Gender Innovation Lab, which – as the name suggests –…

David Evans |

Lucy Odiwa, an entrepreneur in Tanzania whose firm, promotes safer and more sustainable methods for handling menstrual health hygiene management (MHM) won the first place in the SDGs&Her…

Mahmoud Mohieldin |

Photo: shplendid | Flickr Creative Commons Talk of trade tariffs and heightened geopolitical tensions are dominating news headlines recently. As developed economies consider escalating…

Mark Moseley |

A fruit and vegetable stand in Kampala. Photo: Arne Hoel / World Bank According to The Africa Competitiveness Report 2017, Africa is forecasted to produce just 100 million new jobs by 2035, while…

Michelle Kaffenberger, Munshi Sulaiman, Dianne Calvi |

Opening plenary of the Africa Carbon Forum Albert Einstein once said: “The only source of knowledge is experience.” For years I have wondered about this. Surely you can understand something…

Weijen Leow |

Photo: Raymond Ward | Flickr Creative Commons Sector reform is a familiar concept for anyone working in the energy sector, particularly in developing countries. Typically, reforms involve measures…

Teuta Kaçaniku |

Photo: Scaling Solar project in Zambia What is a common thread between Argentina, Maldives, and Zambia? In each of these countries, the World Bank provided guarantees to support transparent…

Arnaud Braud |

Photo: Debbie Hildreth Pisarcik | Flickr Creative Commons Several years ago, after almost two decades at various investment banks, I joined the World Bank’s Financial Solutions team. I had always…

Sebnem Erol Madan |