Economic inclusion programs provide a “big push” to help the extreme poor and other vulnerable people move into sustainable livelihoods, and can play an important part in poverty reduction. Photo…

Ines Arevalo, Michelle Kaffenberger, Aude de Montesquiou |

Jobs and wage growth have been the most important driver of poverty reduction globally, and Central Asia. In Tajikistan, for example, it has cut poverty by about two-thirds since 2003. In…

Lilia Burunciuc |

This page in: Français Across European countries, women continue to earn less than men. Looking at data for full-time working women across 30 countries, we find that women would have needed an…

Gabriela Inchauste, Ana Maria Munoz-Boudet, Paola Buitrago Hernandez |

Students at Beijing Bayi High School in China. Photo: World Bank In 1950, the average working-age person in the world had  almost three years of education, but in East Asia and Pacific (EAP), the…

Michael Crawford |

Numbers don’t lie. That’s why, in our day-to-day lives, we rely heavily on numbers from household surveys, from national accounts, and from other traditional sources to describe the world around…

Giorgia DeMarchi |

My father is a long-distance trucker based in Belarus. As a young girl, I spent long hours on the road with him. I loved traveling to neighboring and faraway cities and—even though I could barely…

Alena Sakhonchik |

We recently undertook a Jobs Diagnostic in the Kyrgyz Republic to help the country move away from a migration-led development model. The jobs challenge in the Kyrgyz Republic extends beyond…

Jennifer Keller |

Those unfamiliar with the fast growing emerging economies of East Asia are likely to think that governments in these countries let market forces and capitalism roam free, red in tooth and claw.…

Truman Packard |

There is nothing worse than having to wonder if you will be able to afford tomorrow's meal. Or the day after's. But for millions of poor in the Kyrgyz Republic, it is routine - and their…

Aarthi Sivaraman |

Editor's Note: "Notes From the Field" is an occasional feature where we let World Bank professionals conducting interesting trade-related projects around the globe explain some of…

Miles McKenna |