图片: LIC/Flickr 无论采用何种方法度量,空气污染造成的影响都很惊人。最新研究显示,全世界空气污染使得普通人的平均预期寿命缩短了1.8岁,也是导致全球每年约880万人早逝的主要原因——这一数字是之前估测数字的两倍,空气污染因此而成为当今世界人口死亡的主要致因之一。

Javier Morales Sarriera, Gurpreet Singh Sehmi |

Photo: LIC/Flickr No matter how you measure it, the impact of air pollution is startling. According to new research, air pollution worldwide cuts life expectancy by 1.8 years for an average person…

Javier Morales Sarriera, Gurpreet Singh Sehmi |

Accumulated scientific evidence shows that proper nutrition and stimulation in utero and during early childhood benefit physical and mental well-being later in life and contribute to the…

Patricio V. Marquez, Sheila Dutta |

Market conduct supervisors in the financial sector have a tough job. And it’s getting tougher.   Their core work involves collecting data from disparate sources and undertaking complex analyses to…

Douglas Randall, Ligia Lopes |

هذه المدونة متوفرة باللغات التالية: English رغم أن السلطات العامة تتولى في كثير من الأحيان تخطيط خدمات الحافلات وتنسيقها، يعهد الكثير من المدن بعمليات التشغيل اليومية إلى شركات خاصة بموجب عقود…

Shomik Mehndiratta, Bianca Bianchi Alves |

© Julia Pacheco/世界银行 赛琳娜·玛利亚17岁时就怀上了双胞胎,她因此不得不辍学,并从巴伊亚移居到里约热内卢。正因为如此,她很难找到好的正规工作。一路走来,她遭受了很多困境——从无家可归到找失业,同时她和孩子们还面临粮食不安全的威胁。目前,全球有成百上千万像赛琳娜这样的人面临诸多制约因素——收入低、资产有限、人力资本少、特定冲击以及对自然冲击、暴力等的暴露,他们渴望过上体面…

Kathy Lindert, Phillippe Leite, Tina George Karippacheril, Ines Rodriguez Caillava |

© Julia Pacheco/World Bank Celina Maria migrated from Bahia to Rio de Janeiro when she was just 17 and pregnant with twins, without completing her education and therefore have had difficulties…

Kathy Lindert, Phillippe Leite, Tina George Karippacheril, Ines Rodriguez Caillava |

The debate on whether the state should play an active role in broadening access to finance or not is one that has lingered for decades. A recent book (de la Torre, Gozzi, and Schmukler, 2017)…

Sergio Schmukler, Facundo Abraham |

Photo: LWYang | Flickr Creative Commons Since the 1980s, investment in Brazil’s infrastructure has declined from 5% to a little above 2% of the country’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP), scarcely…

Paul Procee |

Many countries are experiencing urbanization within the context of increased decentralization and fiscal adjustment. This puts sub-national entities (local governments, utilities and state-owned…

Kirti Devi, Luciana Guimaraes Drummond E Silva |