Children work in their classroom. Photo: Maria Fleischmann / World Bank “Ensure that all girls and boys have access to quality early childhood development, care and pre-primary education so that…

Samuel Berlinski |

With 54 percent of the world’s population now living in urban areas, central and local governments around the globe are faced with both opportunities and challenges. This week, policymakers from…

Mohamad Al-Arief |

Many dinner conversations and friendly debates proceed in a data vacuum: “The problem is big… very big!” How big exactly? Most likely your friend has no idea. It is often said that we live in a…

Nagaraja Rao Harshadeep |

Man fixing railroad tracks. Mexico. Photo - Curt Carnemark / World Bank Efficiency. Competitiveness. Innovation. Integrity. Do these words come to mind when you think of State-Owned Enterprises (…

Fanny Weiner, Courtney Price Ivins, Marta Riveira Cazorla |

​Many parts of the development community have long embraced the following narrative: When nations are young and poor, they are willing to sacrifice natural resources—dirtying their water and their…

Ernesto Sanchez-Triana |

Did you know that about 3.7 million people worldwide died in 2012 from diseases related to ambient air pollution? That is nearly the population of the city of Los Angeles expiring every year from…

Paula Caballero |

Also available in Bahasa Indonesia Women are emerging as a major force for change. Countries that have invested in girls’ education and removed legal barriers that prevent women from achieving…

Sri Mulyani Indrawati |

I like entertaining my western friends with stories of growing up in the post-communist Kazakhstan limbo, when everything ended, but nothing had yet started. Stories of how my friends and I would…

Alua Kennedy |

Productive inclusion is the buzzword taking shape in social policy circles in Latin America, and other middle income countries. Graduation out of social assistance does not equate with (or presume…

Emanuela Galasso |