As we look back at the four years spent in the Maghreb and Malta, as Country Director Marie Francoise-Nelly would like to share some reflections on her work there with the World Bank.

Marie Francoise -Nelly |

Co-authors: Osama Hamad, Lead Water Supply & Sanitation Specialist, World Bank Water Global Practice Heba Yaken Aref Ahmed, Operations Analyst, World Bank Water Global Practice Sara Mohamed…

Gustavo Saltiel |

In Gaza, the drinking water tastes like seawater. Years of neglect and poor management, due in large part to recurring conflicts, has led to the steady depletion of Gaza’s natural aquifer. The…

Anders Jagerskog, Pasquale Steduto |

© Dominic Chavez/World Bank India’s state of Chhattisgarh faced a daunting challenge in the mid-2000s. About half of its public food distribution was leaked, meaning that it never reached the…

Ugo Gentilini, Harold Alderman, Ruslan Yemtsov |

Engaging with citizens to obtain their views on the quality of service and the responsiveness of governmental bodies is uncommon in Egypt. The water and sanitation sector is no exception. Planning…

Amal Faltas |

In El Aroussa, a small village in Tunisia’s north-western region of Siliana, a group of women of all ages have gathered in a small pebble house for training. They are all weavers, some more…

Christine Petré |

There is a horrible old saying in some Arab countries: Women belong to their homes and husbands only. They shouldn’t be educated, work, or have an opinion. This belief, unfortunately, still…

Bassam Sebti |

Turkey has radically transformed its land title registration system, and decreased the turnaround time for recording property transactions to just two hours. I just returned from Turkey where I…

Wael Zakout |

People familiar with Tunisia know that the country is polarized—with really two Tunisias, one poor, the other richer. The city of Sousse, for example, is among the country’s main economic centers…

Vickram Cuttaree |

Hardly a week goes by without my hearing the statement, “It’s not the What; it’s the How.”  On the reform of energy subsidies in the Middle East and North Africa, for instance, the discussion is…

Shanta Devarajan |