South Sudan became independent in 2011 after a prolonged conflict. Although the new country was blessed with international good will, considerable foreign aid, and vast oil wealth, it nevertheless…

Utz Pape, Arden Finn |

Activities of the Temporary Income Support Program, or PATI / World Bank With collaboration of Emma Monsalve. The 2008-09 financial crisis significantly affected El Salvador. The economy, as…

Fabrizio Zarcone, Pablo Ariel Acosta, Emma Monsalve |

In 2017, a severe and prolonged drought had hit countries in Africa and the Middle East, bringing crop shortage, livestock death, water scarcity and disease. Food shortages escalated into near-…

Utz Pape |

Six years after independence, South Sudan remains one of the world’s most fragile states, unable to emerge from cycles of violence. About half the population—that is, about 6 million of 12 million…

Utz Pape, Nora Dihel |

Countries are facing increasingly frequent negative impacts from adverse natural events. Central America, a region prone and vulnerable to disasters, is a clear example. Just from 1992 to 2011,…

Oscar A. Ishizawa, Juan Jose Miranda |

Governments spend a lot of money to contain violence. [[tweetable]]In 2015, some $1.7 trillion was spent on defense by governments worldwide[[/tweetable]] . While the primary responsibility for…

Ede Ijjasz-Vasquez, Bernard Harborne |

We humanize what is going on in the world and in ourselves only by speaking of it, and in the course of speaking of it we learn to be human. –Hannah Arendt We all know that [[tweetable]]measuring…

Utz Pape |

Economic shocks can be painful and destructive, especially in fragile countries that can get trapped into a cycle of conflict and violence. Effective policy responses must be implemented quickly…

Utz Pape |

"The average length of time that refugees spend in camps is 17 years." This cruel statistic has been quoted many times, influencing our perception of refugee crises as never-ending…

Xavier Devictor, Quy-Toan Do |