In Mozambique’s three largest cities (Maputo, Beira, and Nampula), informal businesses—those operating outside formal licensing and registration procedures—outnumber formal firms by a factor of 9…

Filip Jolevski, Gemechu Ayana Aga |

In the 1970s and 1980s, Nepal was faced with large-scale deforestation due to land clearing, and forest degradation caused by fuelwood collection and uncontrolled grazing by villagers who were the…

Randall Bluffstone |

Around 250 million migrants currently live outside their countries of birth, making up approximately 3.5 percent of the world population. Despite the widespread perception of a global migration…

Caglar Ozden |

What would bring together the China trade shock, road blocks in the West Bank, and the Belt and Road initiative? The 6th Annual IMF-World Bank-WTO Trade Research Conference, at which staff of the…

Ana Fernandes, Aaditya Mattoo |

Inorganic fertilizer use by smallholder farmers is one way to boost soil fertility and associated crop-yields and farm incomes. Yet fertilizer use remains the lowest where yield increase is needed…

Guigonan Serge Adjognon, Anuja Kar |

“Within two days, I was able to hire the right people from the right locations” -- Employer using Souktel In West Bank and Gaza, women are 19 percent of the total labor force (figure 1). But among…

Indhira Santos, Saori Imaizumi |

The small, open economies of the Western Balkans* are at various stages of progress on three transitions: the transition to market economy, the transition to EU membership, and the transition to…

Ivailo Izvorski |

One of the primary goals of the Enterprise Surveys is to provide high quality data about the business environment based on establishments’ actual day-to-day experiences. This provides much needed…

Arvind Jain, Asif Islam |