Trade facilitation reforms directed at faster and more efficient trade keep extra costs down, make countries more attractive to investors, and help private sector players compete.

Bill Gain, Violane Konar-Leacy |

To optimize the benefits of trade, trade facilitation efforts should aim to reduce the cost of trading across borders for everyone, not just large corporations. Many of smaller-scale trading…

Heidi Stensland Warren , Maria Liungman, Aileen Yang |

Many developing countries require technical inspections — by food and veterinary agencies (FVA) and phytosanitary agencies — to be carried out on all imported commodities. Inspections can be…

Violane Konar-Leacy, Perica Vrboski, Shane Sela |

[[tweetable]]The trade war between China and the United States is hurting consumers and producers in both countries.[[/tweetable]]  As two recent papers show, US consumers are facing significantly…

Caroline Freund, Maryla Maliszewska, Cristina Constantinescu |

Investors want to ensure that their investment will be subject to predictable and stable rules and are well-protected from arbitrary government conduct. One fundamental set of tools that…

Trang Tran, Priyanka Kher |

As recently as 2017, cargo truck drivers bringing shipments of goods across the border of Guatemala and Honduras often brought along one unexpected item: a hammock. This is because clearing…

Bill Gain, Mayra Alfaro de Morán |

China has assured the world that its Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) will be green. While broad polices have been proposed to support this pledge, there is little evidence of project guidance or…

Elizabeth Losos, Alexander Pfaff, Lydia Olander, Sara Mason, Seth Morgan |

When it comes to trade, speed is of the essence. This is especially true for developing countries integrating with global markets. When goods and inputs are time sensitive, delays can be…

Nadia Rocha, Suprabha Baniya, Michele Ruta |

For all the attention the trillion-dollar Belt and Road Initiative receives, there is remarkably little reliable information about the procurement practices that are used to award BRI projects…

Tania Ghossein, Bernard Hoekman, Anirudh Shingal |

Businesses of all sizes know that the key to growth is getting more products into the hands of consumers. Savvy business owners also know that strong logistics can make this possible. Without a…

Christina Wiederer |