In 2015, over half a million students—representing 28 million 15-year-olds in 72 countries and economies—took the OECD’s Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) test. The Former…

Bojana Naceva |

Kazakhstan. Photo: Kubat Sydykov / World Bank How large is the share of public procurement to GDP in middle-income and low-income countries and how it is evolving? If sizable, can public…

Simeon Djankov, Federica Saliola, Asif Islam |

I was quite intrigued by the findings of the latest Europe and Central Asia Economic Update, with its special focus on "Polarization and Populism". As Program Leader for the South…

Genevieve Boyreau |

California is suffering from its fifth year of drought, the states of Tamil Nadu and Karnataka in India are arguing over the sharing of Cauvery river water, and food security for 36 million people…

Aroha Bahuguna, Lalima Maskey |

Numbers don’t lie. That’s why, in our day-to-day lives, we rely heavily on numbers from household surveys, from national accounts, and from other traditional sources to describe the world around…

Giorgia DeMarchi |

Early investment in the lives of disadvantaged children will help reduce inequality, in both the short and the long run. —James Heckman Investments in the early years of children’s lives and in…

Harry A. Patrinos |

Education is an investment: every year of schooling raises earnings by ten percent. Photo: Maxim Zolotukhin / World Bank Last month, I joined a group of former education ministers and experts for…

Harry A. Patrinos |

Most of us are familiar with Benjamin Franklin’s observation that “In this world nothing can be said to be certain, except death and taxes.”  For many of us, we could also add physical disability…

Chris Bennett |

In the early 1990s and 2008, secessionist conflicts led to the internal displacement of 6 percent of Georgia’s population, making it one of the countries with highest incidences of internal…

Ewa Sobczynska, Michelle Rebosio, Sophia Georgieva |

  Just fourteen projects in energy, transport and water/sanitation.  In only eight countries. Totaling $2.7 billion.   There are 56 IDA countries (excluding three “inactive” and a few rich enough…

Laurence Carter |