In 2015, over half a million students—representing 28 million 15-year-olds in 72 countries and economies—took the OECD’s Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) test. The Former…

Bojana Naceva |

Kazakhstan. Photo: Kubat Sydykov / World Bank How large is the share of public procurement to GDP in middle-income and low-income countries and how it is evolving? If sizable, can public…

Simeon Djankov, Federica Saliola, Asif Islam |

Forever Young: Southern Africa’s Demographic Opportunity There has been an increase in attention on Africa’s changing population. Academics, development organizations and the media (among others,…

Lucilla Maria Bruni, Jamele Rigolini, Sara Troiano |

"The average length of time that refugees spend in camps is 17 years." This cruel statistic has been quoted many times, influencing our perception of refugee crises as never-ending…

Xavier Devictor, Quy-Toan Do |

In the previous blog, we wrote about some essential features of a development response to forced displacement, which is the first question that we confronted in preparing a project to support the…

Varalakshmi Vemuru |

Also available in: Español Every day we are confronted with new images of people making a desperate bid to escape their living conditions and countries against treacherous and unforgiving odds.…

Varalakshmi Vemuru |

Miombo trees in the Reserva Nacional do Gilé, Zambézia Province. Photo by Andrea Borgarello for the World Bank

André Rodrigues de Aquino |

Much work remains to be done to ensure reliable electricity access for Africa's citizens. A number of complications are making it difficult to achieve this UN Sustainable Development Goal.…

Charles Feinstein |

For the first time in history, the number of people living in extreme poverty has fallen below 10%. The world has never been as ambitious about development as it is today. After adopting the…

Sri Mulyani Indrawati |