Follow the authors on Twitter: @danpulido and @IrenePortabales   A branded metro station in Madrid Most metro systems around the world are unable to cover their operating costs with fare box…

Daniel Pulido, Irene Portabales González |

What makes smart politicians?  Jeffrey Frankel has an idea.   His recent blog examines the allure, and trap, of universal subsidies.   For one thing, they know that pulling the plug on bad…

Heba Elgazzar |

Small and medium-size enterprises (SMEs) are becoming more of a priority for policymakers in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA). Seen as the driving force of many MENA economies, they help…

Rachel Lipson |

It’s no secret that the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region has the highest youth unemployment rate in the entire world: nearly 30% according to the International Labour Organization. Over…

Kara Schoeffling |

What does it take to make reforms work in small island countries? At the end of June 2013, twelve Caribbean countries presented a roadmap for growth in three areas -logistics and connectivity,…

Andrea Gallina |