Policymakers often associate competitiveness with real exchange rates. Not too long ago, firms in Southern European countries attributed their difficulties to compete in global markets with a…

Gonzalo Varela, Stefania Lovo |

To reinvigorate growth in Europe, European Central Bank President Mario Draghi called for more common projects in the European Union (EU). And he emphasized that these efforts need to meet a set…

Doerte Doemeland, Arup Banerji, Sanja Madzarevic-Sujster |

Photo: Tomislav Georgiev / World Bank Exponential increases in automation, computerization and digitization is having a profound impact on many people’s jobs. Branko Milanovic’s recent work on…

Roma Keister, Piotr Lewandowski |

It has been almost four years since I first became involved with the regional public-private dialogue initiative, the Caribbean Growth Forum (CGF). In June 2012, I walked into the conference room…

Israel Mallett |

A farmer in pepper greenhouse, Central Serbia.Photo: Jutta Benzenberg/World Bank As Serbia moves to join the European Union, smallholder farmers like Goran Matic are concerned about the challenges…

Bekzod Shamsiev, Marko Bucik |

Eight years on from the start of the global economic crisis, close to one quarter of the European Union’s population remains at risk of poverty or social exclusion. But one group in particular…

Mariam Sherman |

Also available in: Español Measuring young children's skills in Malawi. A couple of years ago Room to Read, a non-profit organization for improving literacy and gender equality in education…

Harry A. Patrinos |

When development practitioners such as ourselves think of poverty, the EU is not what comes to mind first. While it is true that average incomes are higher in Europe than in most regions of the…

Doerte Doemeland, Gabriela Inchauste |

Understanding Macroeconomic Volatility: Part 2 The fact is that a government can soften a recession by increasing spending (the counter-cyclical approach) to raise demand and output. If government…

Francisco G. Carneiro, Ha Minh Nguyen, Rei Odawara |