Market conduct supervisors in the financial sector have a tough job. And it’s getting tougher.   Their core work involves collecting data from disparate sources and undertaking complex analyses to…

Douglas Randall, Ligia Lopes |

Photo: Trocaire | Flickr Creative Commons In war-torn post-1991 Somalia, running water was a scarce commodity, to the misfortune of millions of people. Members of local communities rose to the…

Yolanda Tayler, Nazaneen Ismail Ali, Simeon Sahaydachny, Nataliya Langburd Wright |

The debate on whether the state should play an active role in broadening access to finance or not is one that has lingered for decades. A recent book (de la Torre, Gozzi, and Schmukler, 2017)…

Sergio Schmukler, Facundo Abraham |

Photo: LWYang | Flickr Creative Commons Since the 1980s, investment in Brazil’s infrastructure has declined from 5% to a little above 2% of the country’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP), scarcely…

Paul Procee |

3-1-0 Three minutes to complete the online loan application, one second for approval and with zero human touch for SME loans. This is the marketing slogan used by Ant Financial, one of China’s…

Margaret Miller |

Many countries are experiencing urbanization within the context of increased decentralization and fiscal adjustment. This puts sub-national entities (local governments, utilities and state-owned…

Kirti Devi, Luciana Guimaraes Drummond E Silva |

The world is urbanizing fast—200, 000 people are moving to cities every day in search of homes, jobs, as well as education and healthcare services for their families. Supporting this influx with…

Luis Triveno, Martim Smolka |

A matching grant enabled the Brazilian cooperative Coopervoltapinho to build a rice silo. All photos by Romeu Scirea. Imagine driving along a rural road and seeing many small farms, all growing…

Diego Arias |

Earlier this month, development banks from around the world took stock of where they stand and where they see their efforts having the greatest impact at a meeting organized by the World Bank and…

Ceyla Pazarbasioglu |