As China transitions from pursuing high-speed growth at any cost to a growth model that focuses on sustainability, inclusivity, and efficiency, cities like Chongqing are a critical part of this new urbanization strategy.
A new World Bank report titled Chongqing 2035: Spatial and Economic Transformation for a Global City provides a framework of five strategic pillars for the city’s transformation: spatial structure, connectivity, innovation, inclusivity, and green growth.
The excessively land-intensive urbanization in the past 20 years has depleted Chongqing’s strategic asset – its land reserve, and reduced economic density and efficiency.
According to the analysis, if Chongqing continues with the same pattern of urban expansion, its valuable land reserve of almost 800KM2 could be depleted in the next 20 years. However, a new model of spatial development, if adopted, could save significant amount of land, infrastructure cost, energy use, and carbon emissions.
In the video below, Xueman Wang, a lead author of the Chongqing 2035 report, speaks with Peter Calthorpe, known as the founding father of TOD, who conducted the scenario analysis for the report. He talks about
- Overview: Spatial and Economic Transformation for a Global City
- Supporting Report 1: Spatial Transformation Strategy
- Supporting Report 2: A Regional Strategy to Increase Connectivity and Economic Integration
- Supporting Report 3: An Innovation Strategy to Climb Up the Value Chain and Create the Conditions for a Skilled Labor Force
- Supporting Report 4: A Green and Low-Carbon Growth Strategy to Decouple Economic Growth from Resource Use
- Technical Report: Urban Growth Scenarios
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